Tutorial :What do nested generics in C# mean?



Question:

A bit of a basic question, but one that seems to stump me, nonetheless.

Given a "nested generic":

IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>  

Is this stating that IEnumerable can have generic types that are themselves KeyValuePair 's ?

Thanks,

Scott


Solution:1

Yes. The KeyValuePair type expects two generic type parameters. We can either populate them by pointing to concrete types:

IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<string, int>>  

Or we can populate them by using other generic parameters already specified by the outer class:

class Dictionary<TKey, TValue> : IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>  

Generic type parameters are always specified "at-use", or at the point where you are using the class or method that requires them. And just like any other parameter, you can fill it with a constant, hard-coded value (or type in this case), or another variable.


Solution:2

Yes, this is "An IEnumerable of Key/Value pairs." It would be declared thusly:

IEnumberable<KeyValuePair<string, string>> reallyComplicatedDictionary =      new IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<string, string>>();  

Or similar.

About the only think I can think this particular usage would do is allow you to have a "dictionary" with repeated keys.


Solution:3

In a nut shell, it means that when you enumerate over that IEnumerable, you're going to get KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue> (for whatever types TKey and TValue are set to).

So, yes.


Solution:4

Here

IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<string, int>>  

The IEnumerable itself is not a generic. It knows that it is going to contain KeyValuePair. Here KeyValuePair is the generic which can contain any 2 generic types.


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