Tutorial :Merging two strings of key=value pairs in JavaScript



Question:

I'm trying to come up with an efficient way to overwrite 2 strings that look like this:

str1 = "width=800,height=600,resizable=no,titlebar=no";  str2 = "width=100,height=100";  

In the above example, str2 should overwrite str1 to produce str3:

str3 = "width=100,height=100,resizable=no,titlebar=no";  

In my tests, I turned str2 into an array and tested each key against a match in str1.

Can anyone think of a more efficient way to write this:

str1 = "width=800,height=600,resizable=no,titlebar=no";  str2 = "width=100,height=100";  sArray = str2.split(",");    for( var i = 0; i < sArray.length; i++ ) {      var key = sArray[i].match(/(\w+)=/gi).toString().replace("=", ""),          in_str1 = str1.search(key),          replace_pattern = new RegExp(key+"=(\\w+)", "gi");        if(in_str1 !== -1){                           str1 = str1.replace(replace_pattern, sArray[i]);      } else {          str1 = str1 + "," + sArray[i];      }  }  


Solution:1

Here's a pretty terse regex-based solution:

str3 = str2 + "," + str1;    while ((temp = str3.replace(/\b([a-z]+)(=.*)\b\1=[^,]*,?/, "$1$2")) != str3) {      str3 = temp;  }  

It works by prepending the overriding string to the overridable string, then repeatedly stripping out duplicates that occur later in the joined string until there aren't any.

A little more care will be needed if either string could be empty, or if any kind of escaping is permitted, or if the keys can be named other than with letters only.


Solution:2

Didn't try running it, but this ought to work, created a utility function parseParamString that accepts a string of that format, and optionally an object to add the key-value pairs to.

function parseParamString(str, obj) {      var pairs = str.split(","),          i = 0, l = pairs.length,          pair;      obj || (obj = {});      for (; l > i; ++i) {          pair = pairs[i].split("=", 2);          obj[pair[0]] = pair[1];      }      return obj;  }    function buildParamString(obj) {      var pairs = [], i;      for (i in obj) {          if (obj.hasOwnProperty(i)) {              pairs.push(i + "=" + obj[i]);          }      }      return pairs.join(",");  }    var str1 = "width=800,height=600,resizable=no,titlebar=no",      str2 = "width=100,height=100";    var resultObj = parseParamString(str2, parseParamString(str1));    var resultSTr = buildParamString(resultObj);  

Edit: forgot about turning the object back into a string.


Solution:3

I came up with the following, but I'm not sure if it'll be faster than your method since there's a few more steps involved. Also it's a bit longer...

var toObj = function (str) {     var arr = str.split(","), obj = {};     for (var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {        var keyval = arr[i].split("=", 2);        obj[keyval[0]] = keyval[1];     }     return obj;  };    var objToString = function (obj) {     var stringBuilder = [];     for (var k in obj) {        stringBuilder.push(k+"="+obj[k]);     }     return stringBuilder.join(",");  };    var merge  = function (obj1, obj2) { // merge obj1 into obj2.. obj2 will be modified.     for (var k in obj1) {        obj2[k] = obj2[k] || obj1[k];     }     return obj2;  };    var newStr = objToString(merge(toObj(str1), toObj(str2));  

Benchmarking

I was bored, so I decided to do a quick benchmark of these 3 different solutions offered.

Benchmarking function/test:

function benchmark(name, fn, n) {      console.time(name);      for(var i = 0; i < n; i++)         fn();      console.timeEnd(name);    }  

Results:

Andres (OP):

benchmark("Andres", function () { paramStrAndres("width=800,height=600,resizable=no,titlebar=no", "width=100,height=100"); }, 10000);  Andres: 505ms  

Ryan/RWT:

benchmark("RWT", function () { paramStrRWT("width=800,height=600,resizable=no,titlebar=no", "width=100,height=100"); }, 10000);  RWT: 86ms  

Daniel:

benchmark("Daniel", function () { paramStrDaniel("width=800,height=600,resizable=no,titlebar=no", "width=100,height=100"); }, 10000);  Daniel: 98ms  

Sean:

benchmark("Sean", function () { paramStrSean("width=800,height=600,resizable=no,titlebar=no", "width=100,height=100"); }, 10000);  Sean: 40ms  

Functions Tested:

Andres:

function paramStrAndres(str1, str2) {      sArray = str2.split(",");        for( var i = 0; i < sArray.length; i++ ) {          var key = sArray[i].match(/(\w+)=/gi).toString().replace("=", ""),          in_str1 = str1.search(key),          replace_pattern = new RegExp(key+"=(\\w+)", "gi");            if(in_str1 !== -1){                               str1 = str1.replace(replace_pattern, sArray[i]);          } else {              str1 = str1 + "," + sArray[i];          }      }      return str1;  }  

Ryan/RWT:

function paramStrRWT (str1, str2) {   function parseParamString(str, obj) {      var pairs = str.split(","),          i = 0, l = pairs.length,          pair;      obj || (obj = {});      for (; l > i; ++i) {          pair = pairs[i].split("=", 2);          obj[pair[0]] = pair[1];      }      return obj;   }     function buildParamString(obj) {      var pairs = [], i;      for (i in obj) {          if (obj.hasOwnProperty(i)) {              pairs.push(i + "=" + obj[i]);          }      }      return pairs.join(",");   }   var resultObj = parseParamString(str2, parseParamString(str1));   return buildParamString(resultObj);  }  

Mine:

function paramStrDaniel(str1, str2) {      var toObj = function (str) {          var arr = str.split(","), obj = {};          for (var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {              var keyval = arr[i].split("=", 2);              obj[keyval[0]] = keyval[1];          }          return obj;      };        var objToString = function (obj) {          var stringBuilder = [];          for (var k in obj) {              stringBuilder.push(k+"="+obj[k]);          }          return stringBuilder.join(",");      };        var merge  = function (obj1, obj2) { // merge obj1 into obj2.. obj2 will be modified.          for (var k in obj1) {              obj2[k] = obj2[k] || obj1[k];          }          return obj2;      };        return objToString(merge(toObj(str1), toObj(str2)));      }  

Sean:

function paramStrSean(str1, str2) {      var str3 = str2 + "," + str1, temp;        while ((temp = str3.replace(/\b([a-z]+)(=.*)\b\1=[^,]*,?/, "$1$2")) != str3) {          str3 = temp;      }      return str3;      }  

EDIT: I found it odd that my version was faster than Ryan's, considering they were similar. After looking into it, I see I made a boo-boo on the for loop (length -> arr.length). I've updated the benchmarks. That's what I get for not testing my code.


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