Tutorial :Good PHP ORM Library?


Is there a good object-relational-mapping library for PHP?

I know of PDO/ADO, but they seem to only provide abstraction of differences between database vendors not an actual mapping between the domain model and the relational model. I'm looking for a PHP library that functions similarly to the way Hibernate does for Java and NHibernate does for .NET.


Look into Doctrine.

Doctrine 1.2 implements Active Record. Doctrine 2+ is a DataMapper ORM.

Also, check out Xyster. It's based on the Data Mapper pattern.

Also, take a look at DataMapper vs. Active Record.


Try RedBean, its requires:

  • No configuration
  • No database (it creates everything on the fly)
  • No models
  • etc.

It even does all the locking and transactions for you and monitors performance in the background. (Heck! it even does garbage collection....) Best of all... you don't have to write a single... line of code... Jesus this, ORM layer, saved me ass!


There are only two good ones: Doctrine and Propel. We favor Doctrine, and it works well with Symfony. However if you're looking for database support besides the main ones you'll have to write your own code.


Axon ORM is part of the Fat-Free Framework - it features an on-the-fly mapper. No code generators. No stupid XML/YAML configuration files. It reads the database schema directly from the backend, so in most CRUD operations you don't even have to extend a base model. It works with all major PDO-supported database engines: MySQL, SQLite, SQL Server/Sybase, Oracle, PostgreSQL, etc.

/* SQL */  CREATE TABLE products (      product_id INTEGER,      description VARCHAR(128),      PRIMARY KEY (product_id)  );    /* PHP */  // Create  $product=new Axon('products'); // Automatically reads the above schema  $product->product_id=123;  $product->description='Sofa bed';  $product->save(); // ORM knows it's a new record    // Retrieve  $product->load('product_id=123');  echo $product->description;    // Update  $product->description='A better sofa bed';  $product->save(); // ORM knows it's an existing record    // Delete  $product->erase();  

Most of all, the plug-in and accompanying SQL data access layer are just as lightweight as the framework: 14 KB (Axon) + 6 KB (SQLdb). Fat-Free is just 55 KB.


I've been developing Pork.dbObject on my own. (A simple PHP ORM and Active Record implementation) The main reason is that I find most ORMs too heavy.

The main thought of Pork.dbObejct is to be light-weight and simple to set up. No bunch of XML files, just one function call in the constructor to bind it, and an addRelation or addCustomRelation to define a relation to another dbObject.

Give it a look: Pork.dbObject


Try Doctrine2. It's probably the most powerful ORM tool for PHP. I'm mentioning it separately from Doctrine 1, because it's a completely different piece of software. It's been rewritten from scratch, is still in beta phase, but it's usable now and developed.

It's a very complex ORM, but well designed. Lot of magic from original Doctrine 1 disappeared. It provides a complete solution, and you can write your own ORM on top of Doctrine2 or use just one of its layers.


I just started with Kohana, and it seems the closest to Ruby on Rails without invoking all the complexity of multiple configuration files like with Propel.


Check out Outlet ORM. It is simpler than Propel and Doctrine and it works similar to Hibernate, only with more of a PHP feel to it.


I really like Propel, here you can get an overview, the documentation is pretty good, and you can get it through PEAR or SVN.

You only need a working PHP5 install, and Phing to start generating classes.


I found ORM related classes in the PHP library Flourish.


Give a shot to dORM, an object relational mapper for PHP 5. It supports all kinds of relationships (1-to-1), (1-to-many), (many-to-many) and data types. It is completely unobtrusive: no code generation or class extending required. In my opinion it is superior to any ORM out there, Doctrine and Propel included. However, it is still in beta and might change significantly in the next couple months. http://www.getdorm.com

It also has a very small learning curve. The three main methods you will use are:

<?php   $object = $dorm->getClassName('id_here');  $dorm->save($object);  $dorm->delete($object);  


You should check out Idiorm and Paris.


I am currently working on phpDataMapper, which is an ORM designed to have simple syntax like Ruby's Datamapper project. It's still in early development as well, but it works great.


Tried the ORM of Flourish library.


Until PHP 5.3 release don't expect to have a good ORM. It's a OO limitation of PHP.


I have had great experiences with Idiorm and Paris. Idiorm is a small, simple ORM library. Paris is an equally simple Active Record implementation built on Idiorm. It's for PHP 5.2+ with PDO. It's perfect if you want something simple that you can just drop into an existing application.


My friend Kien and I have improved upon an earlier version of an ORM that he had written prior to PHP 5.3. We have essentially ported over Ruby on Rails' Active Record to PHP. It is still lacking some key features we want such as transactions, composite primary key support, a few more adapters (only MySQL and SQLite 3 work right now). But, we are very close to finishing this stuff up. You can take a look at PHP ActiveRecord with PHP 5.3.


Try PHP ADOdb.

I can't say it's the best, because I haven't used the others. But it's fast, it supports Memcached and caching.

And it's waaaay faster than Zend Framework's DB/Select.


Have a look at the LEAP ORM for Kohana. It works with a bunch of databases, including DB2, Drizzle, Firebird, MariaDB, SQL Server, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQLite. With a simple autoload function, it can work with almost any PHP framework. The source code is on GitHub at https://github.com/spadefoot/kohana-orm-leap. You can checkout LEAP's tutorials online.

The ORM library works with non-integer primary keys and composite keys. Connections are managed via a database connection pool and it works with raw SQL queries. The ORM even has a query builder that makes building SQL statements super simple.


You can check out Repose if you are feeling adventurous. Like Outlet, it is modeled after Hibernate.

It is still very early in its development, but so far the only restrictions on the domain model are that the classes are not marked final and properties are not marked private. Once I get into the land of PHP >= 5.3, I'll try to implement support for private properties as well.


If you are looking for an ORM that implements the Data Mapper paradigm rather than Active Record specifically, then I would strongly suggest that you take a look at GacelaPHP.

Gacela features:

  • Data mapper
  • Foreign key mapping
  • Association mapping
  • Dependent mapping
  • Concrete table inheritance
  • Query object
  • Metadata mapping
  • Lazy & eager loading
  • Full Memcached support

Other ORM solutions are too bloated or have burdensome limitations when developing anything remotely complicated. Gacela resolves the limitations of the active record approach by implementing the Data Mapper Pattern while keeping bloat to a minimum by using PDO for all interactions with the database and Memcached.


MicroMVC has a 13 KB ORM that only relies on a 8 KB database class. It also returns all results as ORM objects themselves and uses late static binding to avoid embedding information about the current object's table and meta data into each object. This results in the cheapest ORM overhead there is.

It works with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and SQLite.


Brazilian ORM: http://www.hufersil.com.br/lumine. It works with PHP 5.2+. In my opinion, it is the best choice for Portuguese and Brazilian people, because it has easy-to-understand documentation and a lot of examples for download.


Agile Toolkit has its own unique implementation of ORM/ActiveRecord and dynamic SQL.

Introduction: http://agiletoolkit.org/intro/1

Syntax (Active Record):

$emp=$this->add('Model_Employee');  $emp['name']='John';  $emp['salary']=500;  $emp->save();  

Syntax (Dynamic SQL):

$result = $emp->count()->where('salary','>',400)->getOne();  

While Dynamic SQL and Active Record/ORM is usable directly, Agile Toolkit further integrates them with User Interface and jQuery UI. This is similar to JSF but written in pure PHP.


This will display AJAXified CRUD with for Employee model.



include "NotORM.php";   $pdo = new PDO("mysql:dbname=software");   $db = new NotORM($pdo);   $applications = $db->application()  ->select("id, title")  ->where("web LIKE ?", "http://%")  ->order("title")  ->limit(10)  ;  foreach ($applications as $id => $application) {  echo "$application[title]\n";  }  


I work on miniOrm. Just a mini ORM, for using Object Model & MySQL Abstraction Layer as simply as possible. Hope it may help you : http://jelnivo.fr/miniOrm/


PHP ORM Faces For PDO extension. See PHP Faces Framework.

$urun = new Product();  $urun->name='CPU'  $urun->prince='124';  $urun->save();  


Look at http://code.google.com/p/lworm/ . It is a really simple, but powerful, lightweight ORM system for PHP. You can also easily extend it, if you want.


Another great open source PHP ORM that we use is PHPSmartDb. It is stable and makes your code more secure and clean. The database functionality within it is hands down the easiest I have ever used with PHP 5.3.


Doctrine is probably your best bet. Prior to Doctrine, DB_DataObject was essentially the only other utility that was open sourced.

Note:If u also have question or solution just comment us below or mail us on toontricks1994@gmail.com
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