Tutorial :Why does Keychain Services return the wrong keychain content?



Question:

I've been trying to use persistent keychain references in an iPhone application. I found that if I created two different keychain items, I would get a different persistent reference each time (they look like 'genp.......1', 'genp.......2', …). However, attempts to look up the items by persistent reference always returned the content of the first item. Why should this be? I confirmed that my keychain-saving code was definitely creating new items in each case (rather than updating existing items), and was not getting any errors. And as I say, Keychain Services is giving a different persistent reference for each item.

I've managed to solve my immediate problem by searching for keychain items by attribute rather than persistent references, but it would be easier to use persistent references so I'd appreciate solving this problem.

Here's my code:

- (NSString *)keychainItemWithName: (NSString *)name {      NSString *path = [GLApplicationSupportFolder()                        stringByAppendingPathComponent: name];      NSData *persistentRef = [NSData dataWithContentsOfFile: path];      if (!persistentRef) {          NSLog(@"no persistent reference for name: %@", name);          return nil;      }      NSArray *refs = [NSArray arrayWithObject: persistentRef];      //get the data      CFMutableDictionaryRef params = CFDictionaryCreateMutable(NULL,                                                                0,                                                                &kCFTypeDictionaryKeyCallBacks,                                                                &kCFTypeDictionaryValueCallBacks);      CFDictionaryAddValue(params, kSecMatchItemList, refs);      CFDictionaryAddValue(params, kSecClass, kSecClassGenericPassword);      CFDictionaryAddValue(params, kSecReturnData, kCFBooleanTrue);      CFDataRef item = NULL;      OSStatus result = SecItemCopyMatching(params, (CFTypeRef *)&item);      CFRelease(params);      if (result != errSecSuccess) {          NSLog(@"error %d retrieving keychain reference for name: %@", result, name);          return nil;      }      NSString *token = [[NSString alloc] initWithData: (NSData *)item                                              encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding];      CFRelease(item);      return [token autorelease];  }    - (void)setKeychainItem: (NSString *)newToken forName: (NSString *)name {      NSData *tokenData = [newToken dataUsingEncoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding];      //firstly, find out whether the item already exists      NSDictionary *searchAttributes = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:                                        name, kSecAttrAccount,                                        kCFBooleanTrue, kSecReturnAttributes,                                        nil];      NSDictionary *foundAttrs = nil;      OSStatus searchResult = SecItemCopyMatching((CFDictionaryRef)searchAttributes,                                                  (CFTypeRef *)&foundAttrs);      if (noErr == searchResult) {          NSMutableDictionary *toStore = [foundAttrs mutableCopy];          [toStore setObject: tokenData forKey: (id)kSecValueData];          OSStatus result = SecItemUpdate((CFDictionaryRef)foundAttrs,                                          (CFDictionaryRef)toStore);          if (result != errSecSuccess) {              NSLog(@"error %d updating keychain", result);          }          [toStore release];          return;      }      //need to create the item.      CFMutableDictionaryRef params = CFDictionaryCreateMutable(NULL,                                                                0,                                                                &kCFTypeDictionaryKeyCallBacks,                                                                &kCFTypeDictionaryValueCallBacks);      CFDictionaryAddValue(params, kSecClass, kSecClassGenericPassword);      CFDictionaryAddValue(params, kSecAttrAccount, name);      CFDictionaryAddValue(params, kSecReturnPersistentRef, kCFBooleanTrue);      CFDictionaryAddValue(params, kSecValueData, tokenData);      NSData *persistentRef = nil;      OSStatus result = SecItemAdd(params, (CFTypeRef *)&persistentRef);      CFRelease(params);      if (result != errSecSuccess) {          NSLog(@"error %d from keychain services", result);          return;      }      NSString *path = [GLApplicationSupportFolder()                        stringByAppendingPathComponent: name];      [persistentRef writeToFile: path atomically: NO];      [persistentRef release];  }  


Solution:1

Turns out that using the kSecMatchItemList doesn't appear to work at all.

I did mine like this:

NSDictionary *query = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:                       (id)kSecClassGenericPassword, kSecClass,                       persistentRef, (id)kSecValuePersistentRef,                       (id)kCFBooleanTrue, kSecReturnAttributes,                       (id)kCFBooleanTrue, kSecReturnData,                       nil];  NSDictionary *result = nil;  OSStatus status = SecItemCopyMatching((CFDictionaryRef)query,                                      (CFTypeRef*)&result);  

which returned the attributes and data for the persistent reference. The documentation in the header about converting a "persistent reference" into a "standard reference" makes no sense at all. Hope this helps.


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