Tutorial :Modulus with doubles in Java


How do you deal with Java's weird behaviour with the modulus operator when using doubles?

For example, you would expect the result of 3.9 - (3.9 % 0.1) to be 3.9 (and indeed, Google says I'm not going crazy), but when I run it in Java I get 3.8000000000000003.

I understand this is a result of how Java stores and processes doubles, but is there a way to work around it?


Use a precise type if you need a precise result:

    double val = 3.9 - (3.9 % 0.1);      System.out.println(val); // 3.8000000000000003        BigDecimal x = new BigDecimal( "3.9" );      BigDecimal bdVal = x.subtract( x.remainder( new BigDecimal( "0.1" ) ) );      System.out.println(bdVal); // 3.9  

Why 3.8000...003? Because Java uses the FPU to calculate the result. 3.9 is impossible to store exactly in IEEE double precision notation, so it stores 3.89999... instead. And 3.8999%0.01 gives 0.09999... hence the result is a little bit bigger than 3.8.


From The Java Language Specification:

The result of a floating-point remainder operation as computed by the % operator is not the same as that produced by the remainder operation defined by IEEE 754. The IEEE 754 remainder operation computes the remainder from a rounding division, not a truncating division, and so its behavior is not analogous to that of the usual integer remainder operator. Instead, the Java programming language defines % on floating-point operations to behave in a manner analogous to that of the integer remainder operator; this may be compared with the C library function fmod. The IEEE 754 remainder operation may be computed by the library routine Math.IEEEremainder.

In other words, this is due to the fact that Java rounds the result of the division involved in computing the remainder, while IEEE754 specifies truncating the answer of the division. This particular case seems to expose this difference very clearly.

You can get the answer you expect using Math.IEEEremainder:

System.out.println(3.9 - (3.9 % 0.1));  System.out.println(3.9 - Math.IEEEremainder(3.9, 0.1));  


You could use java.math.BigDecimal and its method divideAndRemainder().


If you know the amount of decimals you're dealing with, you could try to convert to integers first. This is just a classic case of floating point inacuraccy. Instead of doing 3.9 % 0.1 you're doing something like 3.899 % 0.0999

Note:If u also have question or solution just comment us below or mail us on toontricks1994@gmail.com
Next Post »