Tutorial :Initializing a Double object with a primitive double value


What is happening when a java.lang.Double object is initialized without using a call to the constructor but instead using a primitive? It appears to work but I'm not quite sure why. Is there some kind of implicit conversion going on with the compiler? This is using Java 5.

public class Foo {        public static void main(String[] args) {          Double d = 5.1;            System.out.println(d.toString());        }    }  


This is called Autoboxing which is a feature that was added in Java 5. It will automatically convert between primitive types and the wrapper types such as double (the primitive) and java.lang.Double (the object wrapper). The java compiler automatically transforms the line:

Double d = 5.1;  


Double d = Double.valueOf(5.1);  


It is called AutoBoxing

Autoboxing and Auto-Unboxing of Primitive Types Converting between primitive types, like int, boolean, and their equivalent Object-based counterparts like Integer and Boolean, can require unnecessary amounts of extra coding, especially if the conversion is only needed for a method call to the Collections API, for example.

The autoboxing and auto-unboxing of Java primitives produces code that is more concise and easier to follow. In the next example an int is being stored and then retrieved from an ArrayList. The 5.0 version leaves the conversion required to transition to an Integer and back to the compiler.


ArrayList<Integer> list = new ArrayList<Integer>();    list.add(0, new Integer(42));     int total = (list.get(0)).intValue();  


ArrayList<Integer> list = new ArrayList<Integer>();    list.add(0, 42);    int total = list.get(0);  


It's called autoboxing.

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