Tutorial :Animate change of view background color on Android



Question:

How do you animate the change of background color of a view on Android?

For example:

I have a view with a red background color. The background color of the view changes to blue. How can I do a smooth transition between colors?

If this can't be done with views, an alternative will be welcome.


Solution:1

I ended up figuring out a (pretty good) solution for this problem!

You can use a TransitionDrawable to accomplish this. For example, in an XML file in the drawable folder you could write something like:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  <transition xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">      <!-- The drawables used here can be solid colors, gradients, shapes, images, etc. -->      <item android:drawable="@drawable/original_state" />      <item android:drawable="@drawable/new_state" />  </transition>  

Then, in your XML for the actual View you would reference this TransitionDrawable in the android:background attribute.

At this point you can initiate the transition in your code on-command by doing:

TransitionDrawable transition = (TransitionDrawable) viewObj.getBackground();  transition.startTransition(transitionTime);  

Or run the transition in reverse by calling:

transition.reverseTransition(transitionTime);  

See Roman's answer for another solution using the Property Animation API, which wasn't available at the time this answer was originally posted.


Solution:2

You can use new Property Animation Api for color animation:

int colorFrom = getResources().getColor(R.color.red);  int colorTo = getResources().getColor(R.color.blue);  ValueAnimator colorAnimation = ValueAnimator.ofObject(new ArgbEvaluator(), colorFrom, colorTo);  colorAnimation.setDuration(250); // milliseconds  colorAnimation.addUpdateListener(new AnimatorUpdateListener() {        @Override      public void onAnimationUpdate(ValueAnimator animator) {          textView.setBackgroundColor((int) animator.getAnimatedValue());      }    });  colorAnimation.start();  

For backward compatibility with Android 2.x use Nine Old Androids library from Jake Wharton.

The getColor method was deprecated in Android M, so you have two choices:

  • If you use the support library, you need to replace the getColor calls with:

    ContextCompat.getColor(this, R.color.red);  
  • if you don't use the support library, you need to replace the getColor calls with:

    getColor(R.color.red);  


Solution:3

Depending on how your view gets its background color and how you get your target color there are several different ways to do this.

The first two uses the Android Property Animation framework.

Use a Object Animator if:

  • Your view have its background color defined as a argb value in a xml file.
  • Your view have previously had its color set by view.setBackgroundColor()
  • Your view have its background color defined in a drawable that DOES NOT defines any extra properties like stroke or corner radiuses.
  • Your view have its background color defined in a drawable and you want to remove any extra properties like stroke or corner radiuses, keep in mind that the removal of the extra properties will not animated.

The object animator works by calling view.setBackgroundColor which replaces the defined drawable unless is it an instance of a ColorDrawable, which it rarely is. This means that any extra background properties from a drawable like stroke or corners will be removed.

Use a Value Animator if:

  • Your view have its background color defined in a drawable that also sets properties like the stroke or corner radiuses AND you want to change it to a new color that is decided while running.

Use a Transition drawable if:

  • Your view should switch between two drawable that have been defined before deployment.

I have had some performance issues with Transition drawables that runs while I am opening a DrawerLayout that I haven't been able to solve, so if you encounter any unexpected stuttering you might have run into the same bug as I have.

You will have to modify the Value Animator example if you want to use a StateLists drawable or a LayerLists drawable, otherwise it will crash on the final GradientDrawable background = (GradientDrawable) view.getBackground(); line.

Object Animator:

View definition:

<View      android:background="#FFFF0000"      android:layout_width="50dp"      android:layout_height="50dp"/>  

Create and use a ObjectAnimator like this.

final ObjectAnimator backgroundColorAnimator = ObjectAnimator.ofObject(view,                                                                         "backgroundColor",                                                                         new ArgbEvaluator(),                                                                         0xFFFFFFFF,                                                                         0xff78c5f9);  backgroundColorAnimator.setDuration(300);  backgroundColorAnimator.start();  

You can also load the animation definition from a xml using a AnimatorInflater like XMight does in Android objectAnimator animate backgroundColor of Layout

Value Animator:

View definition:

<View      android:background="@drawable/example"      android:layout_width="50dp"      android:layout_height="50dp"/>  

Drawable definition:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  <shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">      <solid android:color="#FFFFFF"/>      <stroke          android:color="#edf0f6"          android:width="1dp"/>      <corners android:radius="3dp"/>    </shape>  

Create and use a ValueAnimator like this:

final ValueAnimator valueAnimator = ValueAnimator.ofObject(new ArgbEvaluator(),                                                             0xFFFFFFFF,                                                             0xff78c5f9);    final GradientDrawable background = (GradientDrawable) view.getBackground();  currentAnimation.addUpdateListener(new ValueAnimator.AnimatorUpdateListener() {        @Override      public void onAnimationUpdate(final ValueAnimator animator) {          background.setColor((Integer) animator.getAnimatedValue());      }    });  currentAnimation.setDuration(300);  currentAnimation.start();  

Transition drawable:

View definition:

<View      android:background="@drawable/example"      android:layout_width="50dp"      android:layout_height="50dp"/>  

Drawable definition:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  <transition xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">      <item>          <shape>              <solid android:color="#FFFFFF"/>              <stroke                  android:color="#edf0f6"                  android:width="1dp"/>              <corners android:radius="3dp"/>          </shape>      </item>        <item>          <shape>              <solid android:color="#78c5f9"/>              <stroke                  android:color="#68aff4"                  android:width="1dp"/>              <corners android:radius="3dp"/>          </shape>      </item>  </transition>  

Use the TransitionDrawable like this:

final TransitionDrawable background = (TransitionDrawable) view.getBackground();  background.startTransition(300);  

You can reverse the animations by calling .reverse() on the animation instance.

There are some other ways to do animations but these three is probably the most common. I generally use a ValueAnimator.


Solution:4

You can make an object animator. For example, I have a targetView and I want to change your background color:

int colorFrom = Color.RED;  int colorTo = Color.GREEN;  int duration = 1000;  ObjectAnimator.ofObject(targetView, "backgroundColor", new ArgbEvaluator(), colorFrom, colorTo)      .setDuration(duration)      .start();  


Solution:5

If you want color animation like this,

Enter image description here

this code will help you:

ValueAnimator anim = ValueAnimator.ofFloat(0, 1);     anim.setDuration(2000);    float[] hsv;  int runColor;  int hue = 0;  hsv = new float[3]; // Transition color  hsv[1] = 1;  hsv[2] = 1;  anim.addUpdateListener(new ValueAnimator.AnimatorUpdateListener() {        @Override      public void onAnimationUpdate(ValueAnimator animation) {            hsv[0] = 360 * animation.getAnimatedFraction();            runColor = Color.HSVToColor(hsv);          yourView.setBackgroundColor(runColor);      }  });    anim.setRepeatCount(Animation.INFINITE);    anim.start();  


Solution:6

Another easy way to achieve this is to perform a fade using AlphaAnimation.

  1. Make your view a ViewGroup
  2. Add a child view to it at index 0, with match_parent layout dimensions
  3. Give your child the same background as the container
  4. Change to background of the container to the target color
  5. Fade out the child using AlphaAnimation.
  6. Remove the child when the animation is complete (using an AnimationListener)


Solution:7

This is the method I use in a Base Activity to change background. I'm using GradientDrawables generated in code, but could be adapted to suit.

    protected void setPageBackground(View root, int type){          if (root!=null) {              Drawable currentBG = root.getBackground();              //add your own logic here to determine the newBG               Drawable newBG = Utils.createGradientDrawable(type);               if (currentBG==null) {                  if(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT<Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN){                      root.setBackgroundDrawable(newBG);                  }else{                      root.setBackground(newBG);                  }              }else{                  TransitionDrawable transitionDrawable = new TransitionDrawable(new Drawable[]{currentBG, newBG});                  transitionDrawable.setCrossFadeEnabled(true);                  if(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT<Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN){                       root.setBackgroundDrawable(transitionDrawable);                  }else{                      root.setBackground(transitionDrawable);                  }                  transitionDrawable.startTransition(400);              }          }      }  

update: In case anyone runs in to same issue I found, for some reason on Android <4.3 using setCrossFadeEnabled(true) cause a undesirable white out effect so I had to switch to a solid colour for <4.3 using @Roman Minenok ValueAnimator method noted above.


Solution:8

best way is to use ValueAnimator and ColorUtils.blendARGB

 ValueAnimator valueAnimator = ValueAnimator.ofFloat(0.0f, 1.0f);   valueAnimator.setDuration(325);   valueAnimator.addUpdateListener(new ValueAnimator.AnimatorUpdateListener() {          @Override          public void onAnimationUpdate(ValueAnimator valueAnimator) {                  float fractionAnim = (float) valueAnimator.getAnimatedValue();                  view.setColorBackground(ColorUtils.blendARGB(Color.parseColor("#FFFFFF")                                      , Color.parseColor("#000000")                                      , fractionAnim));          }  });  valueAnimator.start();  


Solution:9

Answer is given in many ways. You can also use ofArgb(startColor,endColor) of ValueAnimator.

for API > 21:

int cyanColorBg = ContextCompat.getColor(this,R.color.cyan_bg);  int purpleColorBg = ContextCompat.getColor(this,R.color.purple_bg);    ValueAnimator valueAnimator = ValueAnimator.ofArgb(cyanColorBg,purpleColorBg);          valueAnimator.setDuration(500);          valueAnimator.setInterpolator(new LinearInterpolator());          valueAnimator.addUpdateListener(new ValueAnimator.AnimatorUpdateListener() {                @Override                public void onAnimationUpdate(ValueAnimator valueAnimator) {                     relativeLayout.setBackgroundColor((Integer)valueAnimator.getAnimatedValue());                }          });          valueAnimator.start();  


Solution:10

Here's a nice function that allows this:

public static void animateBetweenColors(final View viewToAnimateItBackground, final int colorFrom, final int colorTo,          final int durationInMs) {      final ValueAnimator colorAnimation = ValueAnimator.ofObject(new ArgbEvaluator(), colorFrom, colorTo);      colorAnimation.addUpdateListener(new AnimatorUpdateListener() {          ColorDrawable colorDrawable = new ColorDrawable(colorFrom);            @Override          public void onAnimationUpdate(final ValueAnimator animator) {              colorDrawable.setColor((Integer) animator.getAnimatedValue());              viewToAnimateItBackground.setBackgroundDrawable(colorDrawable);          }      });      if (durationInMs >= 0)          colorAnimation.setDuration(durationInMs);      colorAnimation.start();  }  


Solution:11

add a folder animator into res folder. (the name must be animator). Add an animator resource file. For example res/animator/fade.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  <set xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">      <objectAnimator          android:propertyName="backgroundColor"          android:duration="1000"          android:valueFrom="#000000"          android:valueTo="#FFFFFF"          android:startOffset="0"          android:repeatCount="-1"          android:repeatMode="reverse" />  </set>  

Inside Activity java file, call this

View v = getWindow().getDecorView().findViewById(android.R.id.content);  AnimatorSet set = (AnimatorSet) AnimatorInflater.loadAnimator(this, R.animator.fade);  set.setTarget(v);  set.start();  


Solution:12

I've found that the implementation used by ArgbEvaluator in the Android source code does best job in transitioning colors. When using HSV, depending on the two colors, the transition was jumping through too many hues for me. But this method's doesn't.

If you are trying to simply animate, use ArgbEvaluator with ValueAnimator as suggested here:

ValueAnimator colorAnimation = ValueAnimator.ofObject(new ArgbEvaluator(), colorFrom, colorTo);  colorAnimation.addUpdateListener(new AnimatorUpdateListener() {        @Override      public void onAnimationUpdate(ValueAnimator animator) {          view.setBackgroundColor((int) animator.getAnimatedValue());      }    });  colorAnimation.start();  

However, if you are like me and want to tie your transition with some user gesture or other value passed from an input, the ValueAnimator is not of much help (unless your are targeting for API 22 and above, in which case you can use the ValueAnimator.setCurrentFraction() method). When targeting below API 22, wrap the code found in ArgbEvaluator source code in your own method, as shown below:

public static int interpolateColor(float fraction, int startValue, int endValue) {      int startA = (startValue >> 24) & 0xff;      int startR = (startValue >> 16) & 0xff;      int startG = (startValue >> 8) & 0xff;      int startB = startValue & 0xff;      int endA = (endValue >> 24) & 0xff;      int endR = (endValue >> 16) & 0xff;      int endG = (endValue >> 8) & 0xff;      int endB = endValue & 0xff;      return ((startA + (int) (fraction * (endA - startA))) << 24) |              ((startR + (int) (fraction * (endR - startR))) << 16) |              ((startG + (int) (fraction * (endG - startG))) << 8) |              ((startB + (int) (fraction * (endB - startB))));  }  

And use it however you wish.


Note:If u also have question or solution just comment us below or mail us on toontricks1994@gmail.com
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