Tutorial :How to create a drop-down list in java swing with multiple item selection?



Question:

I'm aware of JList and JComboBox. I need the combo box drop down functionality with multiple selection functionality that JList provides.

This is because the contents of the list are too huge to be displayed using a simple list. I also need to select multiple items, otherwise I would have been content with JComboBox.

Any suggestions?


Solution:1

When using multi-select, it's better to use a list than a combo box. As GUI metaphors go, people expect a combo box to be single select, whereas lists can be either.

the contents of the list are too huge to be displayed using a simple list

Place the JList in a JScrollPane. You can call setVisibleRowCount(int) on the JList to specify how many rows at a time should be shown.


Solution:2

You can make a custom cell renderer for the combobox and add checkboxes to that components, so you can check and uncheck them. You have to make something like this:

public class MyComboBoxRenderer implements ListCellRenderer {        private String[] items;      private boolean[] selected;        public MyComboBoxRenderer(String[] items){           this.items = items;           this.selected = new boolean[items.lenght];      }        public Component getListCellRendererComponent(JTable table, Object value,              boolean isSelected, boolean hasFocus, int index) {           // Create here a JLabel with the text           // Create here a JCheckBox           // Add them to a layoutmanager           return this;      }        public void setSelected(int i, boolean flag)      {           this.selected[i] = flag;      }    }  


Solution:3

If your data has a hierarchical character, consider NetBeans' Outline component, discussed in Announcing the new Swing Tree Table and in this answer. Here's the Current Development Version of the API.


Solution:4

To achieve the described functionality, I finally decided to "abuse" the JMenuBar and add to it several JCheckBoxMenuItems. The GUI then perfectly fits the purpose (at least for me), it is just the handling of the ItemEvent that risks to become a bit annoying.

(finally there, I defined some bit logic over the items, and then may restrict myself to handling only one type of event)


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