Tutorial :Can I assign a BaseUri to an XDocument?



Question:

When I load an XML document from disk into an XDocument, that XDocument has a ready-only property BaseUri that contains the original XML document's location on disk. In other words,

XDocument doc = XDocument.Load(@"c:\temp\doc.xml");  Console.Out.WriteLine(doc.BaseUri);  // Outputs "file:///c:/temp/doc.xml"  

If I create a new XDocument from scratch, it has no BaseUri. For example:

XDocument doc = new XDocument(new XElement("test"));  Console.Out.WriteLine(doc.BaseUri);  // Outputs nothing  

Can I assign this new XDocument a BaseUri? I'd like to be able to generate new documents, assign them names, and easily pass those names along with them.


Solution:1

After reading LoadOptions.SetBaseUri it is apparent that LINQ to XML uses Annotations to achieve the setting of the BaseUri property. This is unfortunate as the annotation is of the internal type System.Xml.Linq.BaseUriAnnotation, which you do not have access to. My suggestion would be to perhaps set your own annotation which would use either its value or the value of BaseUri if it was not null.

public class MyBaseUriAnnotation  {      public XObject XObject { get; private set; }        private string baseUri = String.Empty;      public string BaseUri      {          get          {              if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(this.baseUri))                  return this.XObject.BaseUri;                return this.baseUri;          }            set { this.baseUri = value; }      }        public MyBaseUriAnnotation(XObject xobject)         : this(xobject, String.Empty)      {      }        public MyBaseUriAnnotation(XObject xobject, string baseUri)      {          if (xobject == null) throw new ArgumentNullException("xobject");          this.XObject = xobject;          this.baseUri = baseUri;      }  }  

You can then use a method to add the annotation to an XDocument you parse on your own:

public static XDocument XDocumentFromString(string baseUri, string xml)  {      var xdoc = XDocument.Parse(xml);      xdoc.AddAnnotation(new MyBaseUriAnnotation(xdoc, baseUri));      return xdoc;  }  

And then whenever you'd like to find the BaseUri, you could use an extension method to retrieve the correct BaseUri:

public static string FindBaseUri(this XObject xobject)  {      if (xobject == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(xobject);      var baseUri = xobject.Annotation<MyBaseUriAnnotation>();      return baseUri != null ? baseUri.BaseUri : xobject.BaseUri;  }  


Solution:2

As far as I can tell, you can't easily do so. You can do it when you load with any XmlReader, if you set the appropriate option. This means you could write an extension method which saved it to a MemoryStream then loaded a new document from a custom class derived from XmlTextReader which overrode BaseUri. That would be pretty ugly though :(


Solution:3

The ugly but the fastest way:

var doc = XElement.Parse(someXml);  doc.GetType()           .GetMethod("SetBaseUri", BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Instance)           .Invoke(doc, new object[] { "some uri" });  


Solution:4

 public class CustomXmlDocument : XmlDocument      {          public string CustomBaseURL { get; set; }              public override string BaseURI          {              get { return this.CustomBaseURL; }          }      }    CustomXmlDocument objXML=new CustomXmlDocument();  objXML.CustomBaseURL="BaseURI";  objXML.loadXml(xml document);  

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