Tutorial :Programatically include JQuery in high conflict environment -



Question:

I'm writing a snippet of code to be put on any third party website and have NO idea what environment it will be dropped into. My end goal is for the badge to be

<script src="http://example.com/js/badge.js"></script>  

I would like to use jQuery in my badge code to make my life easier, but I don't want to require another include on the client side (getting anything updated on the client is a pain).

This is the best I could come up with. I don't want anything before or after my script to be affected with any leftover variables or weird collisions. Does anyone see any issues?

(function() {      function main($) {          // do stuff with $          $(document.body).css("background", "black")      }        // If jQuery exists, save it      var old_jQuery = null;      if (typeof(jQuery) != "undefined") {          if (typeof(jQuery.noConflict) == "function") {              old_jQuery = jQuery.noConflict(true);          }      }        var addLibs = function() {          // Body isn't loaded yet          if (typeof(document.body) == "undefined" || document.body === null) {              setTimeout(addLibs, 100);              return;          }            var node = document.createElement("script");          node.src = "http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.3.2/jquery.min.js";          document.body.appendChild(node);          checkLibs();      }        var checkLibs = function() {          // Library isn't done loading          if (typeof(jQuery) == "undefined" || jQuery("*") === null) {              setTimeout(checkLibs, 100);              return;          }          var new_jQuery = jQuery.noConflict(true);          jQuery = old_jQuery;          main(new_jQuery);      }        addLibs();  })();  


Solution:1

I ended up going with http://yourock.paulisageek.com/js/popup.js . See the test (with console logging avialable) http://paulisageek.com/tmp/jquery-programatically.html. It doesn't reset jQuery and $ until jQuery actually finishes loading. Any way to block javascript without an infinite loop (which blocks the jQuery loading itself)?

// A namespace for all the internal code  var yourock = {};    // Include JQuery programatically  (function() {      // Don't let the script run forever      var attempts = 30;        // If jQuery exists, save it and delete it to know when mine is loaded      var old_jQuery;      if (typeof(jQuery) != "undefined") {          if (typeof(jQuery.noConflict) == "function") {              old_jQuery = jQuery;              delete jQuery;          }      }        var addLibs = function() {          var head = document.getElementsByTagName("head");          if (head.length == 0) {              if (attempts-- > 0) setTimeout(addLibs, 100);              return;          }            var node = document.createElement("script");          node.src = "http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.3.2/jquery.min.js";          head[0].appendChild(node);          checkLibs();      }        var checkLibs = function() {          // Library isn't done loading          if (typeof(jQuery) == "undefined" || typeof(jQuery) != "function" || jQuery("*") === null) {              if (attempts-- > 0) setTimeout(checkLibs, 100);              return;          }          yourock.jQuery = jQuery.noConflict(true);          if (typeof old_jQuery == "undefined")              jQuery = old_jQuery;      }        addLibs();  })();  


Solution:2

Including jQuery again will override the $ variable, which might be an older version of jQuery or another framework. You should probably save that too.


Solution:3

This works:

(function(){      if (window.jQuery !== undefined) {          doStuff(jQuery);      } else {          var script = document.createElement('script');          script.src = 'http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.3.2/jquery.min.js';          document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);          var interval = setInterval(function(){              if (window.jQuery) {                  clearInterval(interval);                  var JQ = jQuery.noConflict(true);                  doStuff(JQ);              }          }, 100);      }  })();    function doStuff($) { /* Do stuff with $ */ }  


Solution:4

I don't have tested so much this code but it should work...

(function($, window) {      var version = ($ && typeof($) == 'function' && $().jquery ? ($().jquery).split('.').join('') : 0), // 1.8.1 -> 181          jBack   = null;      if (version) console.log('jQuery current version : ', version);      else         console.log('no jQuery');      var loaded = function() {              console.log('loaded()');              var $ = jQuery.noConflict(true); // LOCAL own jQuery version              if (jBack)  {                  window.$      = jBack; // Reassign ex-jQuery                  window.jQuery = jBack;              }              // OK : now work with OUR new $              console.log('jQuery new version : ', $().jquery);          },          loadJs = function(jsPath) {              console.log('loadJs()');              var s = document.createElement('script');              s.setAttribute('type', 'text/javascript');              s.setAttribute('src', jsPath);              s.onload = loaded;              document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0].appendChild(s);          };        if (version) jBack = $;      if (version < 180) loadJs('http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.min.js');      else loaded();    })((typeof(jQuery) == 'function' ? jQuery : null), window);  

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