Tutorial :NHibernate query for matching all tags



Question:

Here are my relevant classes:

public class Item {      public virtual int Id { get; protected set; }      public virtual IList<Tag> Tags { get; set; }  }    public class Tags {      public virtual int Id { get; protected set; }      public virtual string Name { get; set; }      public virtual IList<Item> Items { get; set; }  }  

These are mapped with a many to many association. The intermediate table is named ItemsToTags.

Here's the question:

Given a list of strings, how do I create an NHibernate query that returns all Items that have all the Tags with Names matching all the strings in the given list?

This is the function signature:

IList<Item> GetItemsWithTags(IList<string> tagNames);  

I need something like:

from Item item  where !tagsNames.Except(      from item.Tags select item.Tags.Name  ).Any()  select item  

Thanks in advance for any help.


Solution:1

You can definitely do this with HQL; I've successfully tested it.

var items = session.CreateQuery("SELECT i.Id FROM Item i JOIN i.Tags tags WHERE tags.Name IN(:tags) GROUP BY i HAVING COUNT(DISTINCT tags) = :tagCount")          .SetParameterList("tags", tagNames)          .SetInt32("tagCount", tagNames.Count)          .List();  

That will get you a list of Item IDs which you can use to get the Items. The GROUP BY and HAVING combination may be inefficient on some DBMS though. There is another query method using iterative joins that may be more efficient on certain DBMS but I can't get it to work (may not be possible at all with Criteria). If I ever do, I'll update my answer.


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