Ubuntu: pg_ctl: command not found, what package has this command?


I have installed pgadmin using the ubuntu software center and am trying to access a local database (recently downloaded from the internet). I have tried to run the pg_ctl command (running as postgres) however this gives a command not found error. I have also ran the following commands:

echo $PATH: /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/local/games:/usr/games   

so that's a bit of a weird place but still. whereis pg_ctl: pg_ctl: /usr/share/man/man1/pg_ctl.1.gz type pg_ctl: -su: so it's somewhere on my system type: pg_ctl: not found which looks wrong

apt-cache policy postgres-xc gives me a No such file or directory error the output of

sudo apt-get install postgres-xc is

Reading package lists... Done  Building dependency tree         Reading state information... Done  E: Unable to locate package postgres-xc  

sudo apt-get -q update gives me :

Get:1 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security Release.gpg [198 B]  Get:2 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security Release [49.6 kB]  Get:3 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/main Sources [93.6 kB]  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise Release.gpg  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates Release.gpg  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports Release.gpg  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise Release  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates Release  Get:4 http://extras.ubuntu.com precise Release.gpg [72 B]  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports Release  Hit http://extras.ubuntu.com precise Release  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/main Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/restricted Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/universe Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/multiverse Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/main amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/restricted amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/universe amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/multiverse amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/main i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/restricted i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/universe i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/multiverse i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/main TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/multiverse TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/restricted TranslationIndex  Hit http://extras.ubuntu.com precise/main Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/universe TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/main Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/restricted Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/universe Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/multiverse Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/main amd64 Packages  Hit http://extras.ubuntu.com precise/main amd64 Packages  Hit http://extras.ubuntu.com precise/main i386 Packages  Ign http://extras.ubuntu.com precise/main TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/restricted amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/universe amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/multiverse amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/main i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/restricted i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/universe i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/multiverse i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/main TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/multiverse TranslationIndex  Get:5 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/restricted Sources [2,494 B]  Get:6 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/universe Sources [29.9 kB]  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/restricted TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/universe TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/main Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/restricted Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/universe Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/multiverse Sources  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/main amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/restricted amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/universe amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/multiverse amd64 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/main i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/restricted i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/universe i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/multiverse i386 Packages  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/main TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/multiverse TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/restricted TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/universe TranslationIndex  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/main Translation-en  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/multiverse Translation-en  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/restricted Translation-en  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise/universe Translation-en  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/main Translation-en  Get:7 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/multiverse Sources [1,797 B]  Get:8 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/main amd64 Packages [347 kB]  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/multiverse Translation-en  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/restricted Translation-en  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-updates/universe Translation-en  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/main Translation-en  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/multiverse Translation-en  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/restricted Translation-en  Hit http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com precise-backports/universe Translation-en  Ign http://extras.ubuntu.com precise/main Translation-en_US  Ign http://extras.ubuntu.com precise/main Translation-en  Get:9 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/restricted amd64 Packages [4,627 B]  Get:10 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/universe amd64 Packages [85.4 kB]  Get:11 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/multiverse amd64 Packages [2,439 B]  Get:12 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/main i386 Packages [366 kB]  Get:13 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/restricted i386 Packages [4,620 B]  Get:14 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/universe i386 Packages [89.5 kB]  Get:15 http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/multiverse i386 Packages [2,635 B]  Hit http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/main TranslationIndex  Hit http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/multiverse TranslationIndex  Hit http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/restricted TranslationIndex  Hit http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/universe TranslationIndex  Hit http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/main Translation-en  Hit http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/multiverse Translation-en  Hit http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/restricted Translation-en  Hit http://security.ubuntu.com precise-security/universe Translation-en  Fetched 1,081 kB in 0s (1,561 kB/s)  

cat /etc/apt/sources.list gives me :

#deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS _Precise Pangolin_ - Release amd64 (20130820.1)]/ dists/precise/main/binary-i386/    #deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS _Precise Pangolin_ - Release amd64 (20130820.1)]/ dists/precise/restricted/binary-i386/  #deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS _Precise Pangolin_ - Release amd64 (20130820.1)]/ precise main restricted    # See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to  # newer versions of the distribution.  deb http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise main restricted  deb-src http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise main restricted    ## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the  ## distribution.  deb http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted  deb-src http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted    ## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu  ## team. Also, please note that software in universe WILL NOT receive any  ## review or updates from the Ubuntu security team.  deb http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise universe  deb-src http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise universe  deb http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates universe  deb-src http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates universe    ## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu   ## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to   ## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in   ## multiverse WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu  ## security team.  deb http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise multiverse  deb-src http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise multiverse  deb http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates multiverse  deb-src http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates multiverse    ## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as  ## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes  ## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features.  ## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review  ## or updates from the Ubuntu security team.  deb http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse  deb-src http://nl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse    deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise-security main restricted  deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise-security main restricted  deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise-security universe  deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise-security universe  deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise-security multiverse  deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise-security multiverse    ## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's  ## 'partner' repository.  ## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by Canonical and the  ## respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu users.  # deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu precise partner  # deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu precise partner    ## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by third-party  ## developers who want to ship their latest software.  deb http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise main  deb-src http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise main  


You should edit your path:

$ cd ~  $ vim .profile  PATH=$PATH:/usr/lib/postgresql/{version}/bin  export PATH  $ . ~/.profile  

Replace {version} with the correct version number.

And now you can execute the command from the shell:

pg_ctl --help  pg_ctl is a utility to initialize, start, stop, or control a PostgreSQL server.  


You shouldn't run pg_ctl directly under Ubuntu/Debian. Use pg_ctlcluster instead, which is installed by postgresql-common. See its man page for documentation.


Precise (12.04)

Precise doesn't include the postgres-xc package, but the postgresql-9.1 package includes the pg_ctl binary but in a non-standard directory!

sudo apt-get install postgresql-9.1  /usr/lib/postgresql/9.1/bin/pg_ctl  

So, after you install the postgres package, you should find the binary in the above directory, adding it to your path should be a no-brainer export PATH=$PATH:/usr/lib/postgresql/9.1/bin/.

Quantal and newer (> 12.10)

Install the postgres-xc package:

sudo apt-get install postgres-xc  

That package is the one that provides the pg_ctl binary. After you have installed it use the full path instead:


That way you prevent the command not found error.


use this code:

sudo pg_ctlcluster 'cluster_version' 'cluster-name' 'action'  



where action:


example my code:

/etc/postgresql/9.5/main/pg_hba.conf    sudo pg_ctlcluster 9.5 main reload  

Note:If u also have question or solution just comment us below or mail us on toontricks1994@gmail.com
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