Ubuntu: Boot 100% full I have tried removing unused kernels [duplicate]



Question:

I have tried lots of suggestions from similar posts, but without removing old kernels.

rod@rod-3000-N200:~$ sudo apt-get purge linux-image-extra-3.13.0-106-generic  Reading package lists... Done  Building dependency tree         Reading state information... Done  The following packages will be REMOVED    linux-image-extra-3.13.0-106-generic linux-image-extra-3.13.0-115-generic    linux-image-extra-3.13.0-128-generic linux-image-extra-3.13.0-57-generic  0 to upgrade, 0 to newly install, 4 to remove and 25 not to upgrade.  9 not fully installed or removed.  After this operation, 454 MB disk space will be freed.  Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y  (Reading database ... 651911 files and directories currently installed.)  Removing linux-image-extra-3.13.0-106-generic (3.13.0-106.153) ...  depmod: FATAL: could not load /boot/System.map-3.13.0-106-generic: No such file or directory  run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/apt-auto-removal 3.13.0-106-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.13.0-106-generic  run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 3.13.0-106-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.13.0-106-generic  update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.13.0-106-generic  grep: /boot/config-3.13.0-106-generic: No such file or directory  depmod: WARNING: could not open /tmp/mkinitramfs_0tkOb4/lib/modules/3.13.0-106-generic/modules.order: No such file or directory  depmod: WARNING: could not open /tmp/mkinitramfs_0tkOb4/lib/modules/3.13.0-106-generic/modules.builtin: No such file or directory    gzip: stdout: No space left on device  E: mkinitramfs failure cpio 141 gzip 1  update-initramfs: failed for /boot/initrd.img-3.13.0-106-generic with 1.  run-parts: /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools exited with return code 1  dpkg: error processing package linux-image-extra-3.13.0-106-generic (--remove):   subprocess installed post-removal script returned error exit status 1  Removing linux-image-extra-3.13.0-115-generic (3.13.0-115.162) ...  depmod: FATAL: could not load /boot/System.map-3.13.0-115-generic: No such file or directory  run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/apt-auto-removal 3.13.0-115-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.13.0-115-generic  run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 3.13.0-115-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.13.0-115-generic  update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.13.0-115-generic  grep: /boot/config-3.13.0-115-generic: No such file or directory  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/usbhid/usbhid.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/usbhid/usbhid.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-apple.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-apple.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-cherry.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-cherry.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-logitech.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-logitech.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-logitech-dj.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-logitech-dj.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-microsoft.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-microsoft.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-a4tech.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-a4tech.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-belkin.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-belkin.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-chicony.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-chicony.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-cypress.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-cypress.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-ezkey.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-ezkey.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-gyration.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-gyration.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-monterey.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-monterey.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-petalynx.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-petalynx.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-pl.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-pl.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-samsung.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-samsung.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-sony.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-sony.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-sunplus.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-sunplus.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-tmff.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-tmff.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-zpff.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-zpff.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-generic.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/hid/hid-generic.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/fs/jfs/jfs.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/fs/jfs/jfs.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/fs/reiserfs/reiserfs.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/fs/reiserfs/reiserfs.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/message/i2o/i2o_block.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/message/i2o/i2o_block.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/firewire/firewire-ohci.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/firewire/firewire-ohci.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/firewire/firewire-sbp2.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/firewire/firewire-sbp2.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/firewire/firewire-ohci.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/firewire/firewire-ohci.ko not found.  cp: cannot stat ‘/lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/firewire/firewire-sbp2.ko’: No such file or directory  modinfo: ERROR: Module /lib/modules/3.13.0-115-generic/kernel/drivers/firewire/firewire-sbp2.ko not found.    gzip: stdout: No space left on device  E: mkinitramfs failure cpio 141 gzip 1  update-initramfs: failed for /boot/initrd.img-3.13.0-115-generic with 1.  run-parts: /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools exited with return code 1  dpkg: error processing package linux-image-extra-3.13.0-115-generic (--remove):   subprocess installed post-removal script returned error exit status 1  Removing linux-image-extra-3.13.0-128-generic (3.13.0-128.177) ...  run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/apt-auto-removal 3.13.0-128-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.13.0-128-generic  run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 3.13.0-128-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.13.0-128-generic  update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.13.0-128-generic    gzip: stdout: No space left on device  E: mkinitramfs failure cpio 141 gzip 1  update-initramfs: failed for /boot/initrd.img-3.13.0-128-generic with 1.  run-parts: /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools exited with return code 1  dpkg: error processing package linux-image-extra-3.13.0-128-generic (--remove):   subprocess installed post-removal script returned error exit status 1  Removing linux-image-extra-3.13.0-57-generic (3.13.0-57.95) ...  depmod: FATAL: could not load /boot/System.map-3.13.0-57-generic: No such file or directory  run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/apt-auto-removal 3.13.0-57-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.13.0-57-generic  run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 3.13.0-57-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.13.0-57-generic  update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.13.0-57-generic  grep: /boot/config-3.13.0-57-generic: No such file or directory  depmod: WARNING: could not open /tmp/mkinitramfs_Q8ZMgn/lib/modules/3.13.0-57-generic/modules.order: No such file or directory  depmod: WARNING: could not open /tmp/mkinitramfs_Q8ZMgn/lib/modules/3.13.0-57-generic/modules.builtin: No such file or directory    gzip: stdout: No space left on device  E: mkinitramfs failure cpio 141 gzip 1  update-initramfs: failed for /boot/initrd.img-3.13.0-57-generic with 1.  run-parts: /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools exited with return code 1  dpkg: error processing package linux-image-extra-3.13.0-57-generic (--remove):   subprocess installed post-removal script returned error exit status 1  No apport report written because MaxReports has already been reached                                                                      Errors were encountered while processing:   linux-image-extra-3.13.0-106-generic   linux-image-extra-3.13.0-115-generic   linux-image-extra-3.13.0-128-generic   linux-image-extra-3.13.0-57-generic  E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)


Solution:1

You have a few problems, not just one.

Let's look at the very first error:

depmod: FATAL: could not load /boot/System.map-3.13.0-106-generic: No such file or directory  

Don't read it like a paragraph. Read one line at a time, then stop. That's how the system wrote it.

The first line simply says that a specific file is missing. It cannot be removed because it's already gone. In the package manager's view, that's a CRITICAL ERROR worth aborting everything for...because nothing else on the system should be messing with files placed by the package manager, so you need to know that some rogue process is at work.

Historically, in the overwhelming majority of cases, that "rogue" process has turned out to be the human. This kind of problem usually crops up when the human manually deletes files to free up space in /boot.

There are three ways to handle the missing-file problem.

Recreate a dummy file: If you suspect that only one or two files were removed, use the touch command to create an empty dummy file with exactly the correct name and ownership. The package manager does not care about the content of any file - it simply needs to account for all files. This method is safe, quick, easy to undo if you make a mistake, and requires very little space in /boot.

Reinstall the entire package: For most packages outside of /boot, this is usually the correct answer. Use sudo apt install --reinstall <package_name> and apt will magically refresh all the files from the original package (stored in your local cache, newly-downloaded if not). Once apt has placed a pristine copy of all the files, apt will happily promptly remove them. This is the right way to go if you suspect that many files are missing. However, in /boot this takes up space you may not have available.

--Force dpkg to uninstall: dpkg has a set of commands to force removal of broken packages, including missing files. The command is fully explained in the manpage. Warning: dpkg --force commands are dangerous. I know a lot of people who broke their systems worse by misusing --force in the wrong situation. If you reject the first two options and decide to use --force, BACKUP YOUR DATA FIRST because you might be heading down the path to a complete reinstall. This is a method of last resort for unskilled users.

Once you fix the first error message, it's likely that any subsequent error will be also fixed or changed. So there's not much point discussing them. If there are further error message, read them. Search for key text if you don't understand. Each error message is usually a separate question.


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