Tutorial :What happened to console.log in IE8?



Question:

According to this post it was in the beta, but it's not in the release?


Solution:1

Even better for fallback is this:

       var alertFallback = true;     if (typeof console === "undefined" || typeof console.log === "undefined") {       console = {};       if (alertFallback) {           console.log = function(msg) {                alert(msg);           };       } else {           console.log = function() {};       }     }    


Solution:2

console.log is only available after you have opened the Developer Tools (F12 to toggle it open and closed). Funny thing is that after you've opened it, you can close it, then still post to it via console.log calls, and those will be seen when you reopen it. I'm thinking that is a bug of sorts, and may be fixed, but we shall see.

I'll probably just use something like this:

function trace(s) {    if ('console' in self && 'log' in console) console.log(s)    // the line below you might want to comment out, so it dies silent    // but nice for seeing when the console is available or not.    else alert(s)  }  

and even simpler:

function trace(s) {    try { console.log(s) } catch (e) { alert(s) }  }  


Solution:3

This is my take on the various answers. I wanted to actually see the logged messages, even if I did not have the IE console open when they were fired, so I push them into a console.messages array that I create. I also added a function console.dump() to facilitate viewing the whole log. console.clear() will empty the message queue.

This solutions also "handles" the other Console methods (which I believe all originate from the Firebug Console API)

Finally, this solution is in the form of an IIFE, so it does not pollute the global scope. The fallback function argument is defined at the bottom of the code.

I just drop it in my master JS file which is included on every page, and forget about it.

(function (fallback) {            fallback = fallback || function () { };        // function to trap most of the console functions from the FireBug Console API.       var trap = function () {          // create an Array from the arguments Object                     var args = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments);          // console.raw captures the raw args, without converting toString          console.raw.push(args);          var message = args.join(' ');          console.messages.push(message);          fallback(message);      };        // redefine console      if (typeof console === 'undefined') {          console = {              messages: [],              raw: [],              dump: function() { return console.messages.join('\n'); },              log: trap,              debug: trap,              info: trap,              warn: trap,              error: trap,              assert: trap,              clear: function() {                     console.messages.length = 0;                     console.raw.length = 0 ;              },              dir: trap,              dirxml: trap,              trace: trap,              group: trap,              groupCollapsed: trap,              groupEnd: trap,              time: trap,              timeEnd: trap,              timeStamp: trap,              profile: trap,              profileEnd: trap,              count: trap,              exception: trap,              table: trap          };      }    })(null); // to define a fallback function, replace null with the name of the function (ex: alert)  

Some extra info

The line var args = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments); creates an Array from the arguments Object. This is required because arguments is not really an Array.

trap() is a default handler for any of the API functions. I pass the arguments to message so that you get a log of the arguments that were passed to any API call (not just console.log).

Edit

I added an extra array console.raw that captures the arguments exactly as passed to trap(). I realized that args.join(' ') was converting objects to the string "[object Object]" which may sometimes be undesirable. Thanks bfontaine for the suggestion.


Solution:4

It's worth noting that console.log in IE8 isn't a true Javascript function. It doesn't support the apply or call methods.


Solution:5

Assuming you don't care about a fallback to alert, here's an even more concise way to workaround Internet Explorer's shortcomings:

var console=console||{"log":function(){}};  


Solution:6

I really like the approach posted by "orange80". It's elegant because you can set it once and forget it.

The other approaches require you to do something different (call something other than plain console.log() every time), which is just asking for trouble… I know that I'd eventually forget.

I've taken it a step further, by wrapping the code in a utility function that you can call once at the beginning of your javascript, anywhere as long as it's before any logging. (I'm installing this in my company's event data router product. It will help simplify the cross-browser design of its new admin interface.)

/**   * Call once at beginning to ensure your app can safely call console.log() and   * console.dir(), even on browsers that don't support it.  You may not get useful   * logging on those browers, but at least you won't generate errors.   *    * @param  alertFallback - if 'true', all logs become alerts, if necessary.    *   (not usually suitable for production)   */  function fixConsole(alertFallback)  {          if (typeof console === "undefined")      {          console = {}; // define it if it doesn't exist already      }      if (typeof console.log === "undefined")       {          if (alertFallback) { console.log = function(msg) { alert(msg); }; }           else { console.log = function() {}; }      }      if (typeof console.dir === "undefined")       {          if (alertFallback)           {               // THIS COULD BE IMPROVED… maybe list all the object properties?              console.dir = function(obj) { alert("DIR: "+obj); };           }          else { console.dir = function() {}; }      }  }  


Solution:7

If you get "undefined" to all of your console.log calls, that probably means you still have an old firebuglite loaded (firebug.js). It will override all the valid functions of IE8's console.log even though they do exist. This is what happened to me anyway.

Check for other code overriding the console object.


Solution:8

The best solution for any browser that lack a console is:

// Avoid `console` errors in browsers that lack a console.  (function() {      var method;      var noop = function () {};      var methods = [          'assert', 'clear', 'count', 'debug', 'dir', 'dirxml', 'error',          'exception', 'group', 'groupCollapsed', 'groupEnd', 'info', 'log',          'markTimeline', 'profile', 'profileEnd', 'table', 'time', 'timeEnd',          'timeStamp', 'trace', 'warn'      ];      var length = methods.length;      var console = (window.console = window.console || {});        while (length--) {          method = methods[length];            // Only stub undefined methods.          if (!console[method]) {              console[method] = noop;          }      }  }());  


Solution:9

There are so many Answers. My solution for this was:

globalNamespace.globalArray = new Array();  if (typeof console === "undefined" || typeof console.log === "undefined") {      console = {};      console.log = function(message) {globalNamespace.globalArray.push(message)};     }  

In short, if console.log doesn't exists (or in this case, isn't opened) then store the log in a global namespace Array. This way, you're not pestered with millions of alerts and you can still view your logs with the developer console opened or closed.


Solution:10

  if (window.console && 'function' === typeof window.console.log) {      window.console.log(o);  }  


Solution:11

Here is my "IE please don't crash"

typeof console=="undefined"&&(console={});typeof console.log=="undefined"&&(console.log=function(){});  


Solution:12

I found this on github:

// usage: log('inside coolFunc', this, arguments);  // paulirish.com/2009/log-a-lightweight-wrapper-for-consolelog/  window.log = function f() {      log.history = log.history || [];      log.history.push(arguments);      if (this.console) {          var args = arguments,              newarr;          args.callee = args.callee.caller;          newarr = [].slice.call(args);          if (typeof console.log === 'object') log.apply.call(console.log, console, newarr);          else console.log.apply(console, newarr);      }  };    // make it safe to use console.log always  (function(a) {      function b() {}      for (var c = "assert,count,debug,dir,dirxml,error,exception,group,groupCollapsed,groupEnd,info,log,markTimeline,profile,profileEnd,time,timeEnd,trace,warn".split(","), d; !! (d = c.pop());) {          a[d] = a[d] || b;      }  })(function() {      try {          console.log();          return window.console;      } catch(a) {          return (window.console = {});      }  } ());  


Solution:13

I'm using Walter's approach from above (see: https://stackoverflow.com/a/14246240/3076102)

I mix in a solution I found here https://stackoverflow.com/a/7967670 to properly show Objects.

This means the trap function becomes:

function trap(){      if(debugging){          // create an Array from the arguments Object                     var args = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments);          // console.raw captures the raw args, without converting toString          console.raw.push(args);          var index;          for (index = 0; index < args.length; ++index) {              //fix for objects              if(typeof args[index] === 'object'){                   args[index] = JSON.stringify(args[index],null,'\t').replace(/\n/g,'<br>').replace(/\t/g,'&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;');              }          }          var message = args.join(' ');          console.messages.push(message);          // instead of a fallback function we use the next few lines to output logs          // at the bottom of the page with jQuery          if($){              if($('#_console_log').length == 0) $('body').append($('<div />').attr('id', '_console_log'));              $('#_console_log').append(message).append($('<br />'));          }      }  }   

I hope this is helpful:-)


Solution:14

It works in IE8. Open IE8's Developer Tools by hitting F12.

>>console.log('test')  LOG: test  


Solution:15

I like this method (using jquery's doc ready)... it lets you use console even in ie... only catch is that you need to reload the page if you open ie's dev tools after the page loads...

it could be slicker by accounting for all the functions, but I only use log so this is what I do.

//one last double check against stray console.logs  $(document).ready(function (){      try {          console.log('testing for console in itcutils');      } catch (e) {          window.console = new (function (){ this.log = function (val) {              //do nothing          }})();      }  });  


Solution:16

Here is a version that will log to the console when the developer tools are open and not when they are closed.

(function(window) {       var console = {};     console.log = function() {        if (window.console && (typeof window.console.log === 'function' || typeof window.console.log === 'object')) {           window.console.log.apply(window, arguments);        }     }       // Rest of your application here    })(window)  


Solution:17

Make your own console in html .... ;-) This can be imprved but you can start with :

if (typeof console == "undefined" || typeof console.log === "undefined") {      var oDiv=document.createElement("div");      var attr = document.createAttribute('id'); attr.value = 'html-console';      oDiv.setAttributeNode(attr);          var style= document.createAttribute('style');      style.value = "overflow: auto; color: red; position: fixed; bottom:0; background-color: black; height: 200px; width: 100%; filter: alpha(opacity=80);";      oDiv.setAttributeNode(style);        var t = document.createElement("h3");      var tcontent = document.createTextNode('console');      t.appendChild(tcontent);      oDiv.appendChild(t);        document.body.appendChild(oDiv);      var htmlConsole = document.getElementById('html-console');      window.console = {          log: function(message) {              var p = document.createElement("p");              var content = document.createTextNode(message.toString());              p.appendChild(content);              htmlConsole.appendChild(p);          }      };  }  

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