Tutorial :new line in squeak



Question:

i want to do something like this: Transcript show: '\n'. how?


Solution:1

Use the following:

Transcript cr  

You can use it after a value via a cascade:

Transcript show: 123; cr  


Solution:2

From my (long) experience, missing character escapes are one of the few things that are missing in Smalltalk. For streaming, solutions using cr, tab etc. are ok.

However, if you need a particular control character in a string, this may be ugly and hard to read (using "streamContents:", or "withCRs" to add a newLine). Alternatively, you may want to use one of the (non-standard) string expansion mechanisms. For example, in VisualWorks or Smalltalk/X, you can write (if I remember correctly):

'someString with newline<n>and<t>tabs' expandMacros  

or even with printf-like slicing of other object's printStrings:

'anotherString<n><t>with newlines<n>and<t>tabs and<p>' expandMacrosWith:(Float pi)  

I guess, there is something similar in Squeak and V'Age as well.

But, be aware: these expansions are done at execution time. So you may encounter a penalty when heavily using them on many strings.


Solution:3

The character itself can be reached as Character cr. So, you could also do this:

Transcript show: 'Bla! , Character cr asString.  

But of course,

Transcript show: 'Bla!' ; cr.  

is way more elegant.


Solution:4

What I do as a convenience is add a method "line" to the String class:

line      ^self, String lf  

Then you can just say obj showSomething: 'Hello world!' line.

Or call it newline, endl, lf, etc...


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