Tutorial :In Mac OSX 10.5, it can't find my Terminal commands sudo, find, etc



Question:

I don't know what has happened, but in my Terminal on Mac OSX 10.5 it can no longer find my sudo command, or find command, etc. They are there because if I put /usr/bin/sudo or /usr/bin/find it works fine...

My .bash_login file looks like this: export PATH="/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/bin$PATH"

My .bash_profile file looks like this: export PATH="/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/Current/bin:/Library/Python/2.5/site-packages/django_trunk/django/bin:/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/bin/sudo$PATH"

I'll say now, I don't really know what I'm doing with the Terminal. I'm just a beginner to it all, and I must of done something for the environment variables (is that what they're called?) to be lost. I presumed I'd just have to make sure the /usr/bin/ path is in my bash files, but they are, and it doesn't seem to work. Please help!

Also, when I do use the /usr/bin/find command, it says "Permission denied" to me, even though I am logged into Mac OSX as the System Administrator account. I don't understand.

Any help would be grand. Thank you - James


Solution:1

It looks like both of your PATH exports are malformed:

export PATH="/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/bin$PATH"  

The end bit there won't work. It should be:

export PATH=/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/bin:$PATH  

Notice the colon before '$PATH'? It's important ;)

Also, the double quotes are not necessary.

If this doesn't work, we will need more information. It is possible that something else is modifying your path even after your shell configurations are loaded.

Can you post the results of:

$ echo $PATH  

Configuration files are not always a good indication of the current environment variables, since they are modified by many programs and files, all across your system. To see all of your environment variables, you can run:

$ env  


Solution:2

This should fix the problem completely and permanently.

first, export environment paths by using below command in the terminal.

export PATH=/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/X11/b‌​in  

now you have the commands you want. (eg. try ls. You'll see the command is working). But this is only for the current session. If you close the terminal and open a new one, you will have the previous issue. To make this change permanent, use below command,

go to home directory

cd ~  

open .bash_profile file in nano / vim (I'm using nano here)

nano .bash_profile  

This will open up nano editor. In a new line, paste the following;

export PATH=/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/X11/bin:$PATH  

press 'control'+'o' to save (WriteOut) and 'control'+'x' to exit nano.

All done ! Now try the commands.


Solution:3

Check out --- http://www.sweeting.org/mark/blog/2008/05/26/mac-os-x-tip-setting-path-environment-variables


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