Ubuntu: New apache install won't serve from document root



Question:

After some problems getting PHP to work on my server I ended up having to reinstall Apache from source. However, after a long time spent getting everything up and running, all I can get it to serve is:

"It works!"

And intermittently a 403 Forbidden error (it always forbids wgets). After a lot of messing about, checking there's an index.html in /var/www, /var/www/html, /public, ~/public and even installing the apache2ctl package and running apache2ctl -V I'm still no further along.

Currently my apache2.conf looks like this:

# This is the main Apache server configuration file.  It contains the  # configuration directives that give the server its instructions.  # See http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/ for detailed information about  # the directives and /usr/share/doc/apache2/README.Debian about Debian specific  # hints.  #  #  # Summary of how the Apache 2 configuration works in Debian:  # The Apache 2 web server configuration in Debian is quite different to  # upstream's suggested way to configure the web server. This is because Debian's  # default Apache2 installation attempts to make adding and removing modules,  # virtual hosts, and extra configuration directives as flexible as possible, in  # order to make automating the changes and administering the server as easy as  # possible.    # It is split into several files forming the configuration hierarchy outlined  # below, all located in the /etc/apache2/ directory:  #  #   /etc/apache2/  #   |-- apache2.conf  #   |   `--  ports.conf  #   |-- mods-enabled  #   |   |-- *.load  #   |   `-- *.conf  #   |-- conf-enabled  #   |   `-- *.conf  #   `-- sites-enabled  #       `-- *.conf  #  #  # * apache2.conf is the main configuration file (this file). It puts the pieces  #   together by including all remaining configuration files when starting up the  #   web server.  #  # * ports.conf is always included from the main configuration file. It is  #   supposed to determine listening ports for incoming connections which can be  #   customized anytime.  #  # * Configuration files in the mods-enabled/, conf-enabled/ and sites-enabled/  #   directories contain particular configuration snippets which manage modules,  #   global configuration fragments, or virtual host configurations,  #   respectively.  #  #   They are activated by symlinking available configuration files from their  #   respective *-available/ counterparts. These should be managed by using our  #   helpers a2enmod/a2dismod, a2ensite/a2dissite and a2enconf/a2disconf. See  #   their respective man pages for detailed information.  #  # * The binary is called apache2. Due to the use of environment variables, in  #   the default configuration, apache2 needs to be started/stopped with  #   /etc/init.d/apache2 or apache2ctl. Calling /usr/bin/apache2 directly will not  #   work with the default configuration.      # Global configuration  #    #  # ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's  # configuration, error, and log files are kept.  #  # NOTE!  If you intend to place this on an NFS (or otherwise network)  # mounted filesystem then please read the Mutex documentation (available  # at <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#mutex>);  # you will save yourself a lot of trouble.  #  # Do NOT add a slash at the end of the directory path.  #  ServerRoot "/etc/apache2"    #  # The accept serialization lock file MUST BE STORED ON A LOCAL DISK.  #  Mutex file:${APACHE_LOCK_DIR} default    #  # PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process  # identification number when it starts.  # This needs to be set in /etc/apache2/envvars  #  PidFile ${APACHE_PID_FILE}    #  # Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.  #  Timeout 300    #  # KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than  # one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.  #  KeepAlive On    #  # MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow  # during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.  # We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.  #  MaxKeepAliveRequests 100    #  # KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the  # same client on the same connection.  #  KeepAliveTimeout 5      # These need to be set in /etc/apache2/envvars  User ${APACHE_RUN_USER}  Group ${APACHE_RUN_GROUP}    #  # HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses  # e.g., www.apache.org (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off).  # The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people  # had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that  # each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the  # nameserver.  #  HostnameLookups Off    # ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.  # If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>  # container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be  # logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>  # container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.  #  ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log    #  # LogLevel: Control the severity of messages logged to the error_log.  # Available values: trace8, ..., trace1, debug, info, notice, warn,  # error, crit, alert, emerg.  # It is also possible to configure the log level for particular modules, e.g.  # "LogLevel info ssl:warn"  #  LogLevel warn    # Include module configuration:  IncludeOptional mods-enabled/*.load  IncludeOptional mods-enabled/*.conf    # Include list of ports to listen on  Include ports.conf      # Sets the default security model of the Apache2 HTTPD server. It does  # not allow access to the root filesystem outside of /usr/share and /var/www.  # The former is used by web applications packaged in Debian,  # the latter may be used for local directories served by the web server. If  # your system is serving content from a sub-directory in /srv you must allow  # access here, or in any related virtual host.  <Directory />      Options FollowSymLinks      AllowOverride None      Require all denied  </Directory>    <Directory /public>      AllowOverride Indexes      Require all granted  </Directory>    <Directory /var/www/>      Options Indexes      AllowOverride None      Require all granted  </Directory>    #<Directory /srv/>  #   Options Indexes FollowSymLinks  #   AllowOverride None  #   Require all granted  #</Directory>    # AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory  # for additional configuration directives.  See also the AllowOverride  # directive.  #  AccessFileName .htaccess    #  # The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being  # viewed by Web clients.  #  <FilesMatch "^\.ht">      Require all denied  </FilesMatch>      #  # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with  # a CustomLog directive.  #  # These deviate from the Common Log Format definitions in that they use %O  # (the actual bytes sent including headers) instead of %b (the size of the  # requested file), because the latter makes it impossible to detect partial  # requests.  #  # Note that the use of %{X-Forwarded-For}i instead of %h is not recommended.  # Use mod_remoteip instead.  #  LogFormat "%v:%p %h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %O \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" vhost_combined  LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %O \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined  LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %O" common  LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer  LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent    # Include of directories ignores editors' and dpkg's backup files,  # see README.Debian for details.    # Include generic snippets of statements  IncludeOptional conf-enabled/*.conf    # Include the virtual host configurations:  IncludeOptional sites-enabled/*.conf    # vim: syntax=apache ts=4 sw=4 sts=4 sr noet  

My 000-default.conf in sites-available:

<VirtualHost *:80>      # The ServerName directive sets the request scheme, hostname and port that      # the server uses to identify itself. This is used when creating      # redirection URLs. In the context of virtual hosts, the ServerName      # specifies what hostname must appear in the request's Host: header to      # match this virtual host. For the default virtual host (this file) this      # value is not decisive as it is used as a last resort host regardless.      # However, you must set it for any further virtual host explicitly.      #ServerName www.example.com        ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost      DocumentRoot /public        # Available loglevels: trace8, ..., trace1, debug, info, notice, warn,      # error, crit, alert, emerg.      # It is also possible to configure the loglevel for particular      # modules, e.g.      #LogLevel info ssl:warn        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log      CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined        # For most configuration files from conf-available/, which are      # enabled or disabled at a global level, it is possible to      # include a line for only one particular virtual host. For example the      # following line enables the CGI configuration for this host only      # after it has been globally disabled with "a2disconf".      #Include conf-available/serve-cgi-bin.conf  </VirtualHost>    # vim: syntax=apache ts=4 sw=4 sts=4 sr noet  

And my 000-default.conf in sites-available:

<VirtualHost *:80>      # The ServerName directive sets the request scheme, hostname and port that      # the server uses to identify itself. This is used when creating      # redirection URLs. In the context of virtual hosts, the ServerName      # specifies what hostname must appear in the request's Host: header to      # match this virtual host. For the default virtual host (this file) this      # value is not decisive as it is used as a last resort host regardless.      # However, you must set it for any further virtual host explicitly.      #ServerName www.example.com        ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost      DocumentRoot /public        # Available loglevels: trace8, ..., trace1, debug, info, notice, warn,      # error, crit, alert, emerg.      # It is also possible to configure the loglevel for particular      # modules, e.g.      #LogLevel info ssl:warn        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log      CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined        # For most configuration files from conf-available/, which are      # enabled or disabled at a global level, it is possible to      # include a line for only one particular virtual host. For example the      # following line enables the CGI configuration for this host only      # after it has been globally disabled with "a2disconf".      #Include conf-available/serve-cgi-bin.conf  </VirtualHost>    # vim: syntax=apache ts=4 sw=4 sts=4 sr noet  

Any ideas?

Before I reinstalled Apache was serving just fine from /var/www/html


Solution:1

If you don't tell apache2 where configuration is located while compiling (using --sysconfdir, and don't specify a config file explicitly while running (using -f), then the default location is used:

--sysconfdir=DIR

Install read-only single-machine data like the server configuration files httpd.conf, mime.types, etc. in DIR. By default sysconfdir is set to PREFIX/conf.

And if PREFIX isn't specified:

--prefix=PREFIX

Install architecture-independent files in PREFIX. By default the installation directory is set to /usr/local/apache2.

And the default config filename is httpd.conf. So, the file you need is /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf.


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