Tutorial :How to call expire_fragment from Rails Observer/Model?



Question:

I've pretty much tried everything, but it seems impossible to use expire_fragment from models? I know you're not supposed to and it's non-MVC, but surely there much be some way to do it.

I created a module in lib/cache_helper.rb with all my expire helpers, within each are just a bunch of expire_fragment calls. I have all my cache sweepers setup under /app/sweepers and have an "include CacheHelper" in my application controller so expiring cache within the app when called via controllers works fine.

Then things is I have some external daemons and especially some recurring cron tasks which call a rake task that calls a certain method. This method does some processing and inputs entries into the model, after which I need to expire cache.

What's the best way to do this as I can't specify cache sweeper within the model. Straight up observers seem to be the best solution but then it complains about expire_fragment being undefined etc etc, I've even tried including the ActionController caching classes into the observer but that didn't work. I'd love some ideas of how to create a solution for this. Thanks.


Solution:1

Disclaimer: My rails is a bit rusty, but this or something like it should work

ActionController::Base.new.expire_fragment(key, options = nil)   


Solution:2

The solution provided by Orion works perfectly. As an enhancement and for convenience, I've put the following code into config/initializers/active_record_expire_fragment.rb

class ActiveRecord::Base    def expire_fragment(*args)      ActionController::Base.new.expire_fragment(*args)    end  end  

Now, you can use expire_fragment on all instances of ActiveRecord::Base, e.g. User.first.expire_fragment('user-stats')


Solution:3

This is quite easy to do. You can implement Orion's suggestion, but you can also implement the broader technique illustrated below, which gives you access to the current controller from any model and for whichever purpose you decided to break MVC separation for (e.g. messing with the fragment cache, accessing current_user, generating paths/URLs, etc.)

In order to gain access to the current request's controller (if any) from any model, add the following to environment.rb or, much preferably, to a new plugin (e.g. create vendor/plugins/controller_from_model/init.rb containing the code below):

module ActiveRecord    class Base      protected        def self.thread_safe_current_controller #:nodoc:          Thread.current[:current_controller]        end          def self.thread_safe_current_controller=(controller) #:nodoc:          Thread.current[:current_controller] = controller        end          # pick up the correct current_controller version        #  from @@allow_concurrency        if @@allow_concurrency          alias_method :current_controller,  :thread_safe_current_controller          alias_method :current_controller=, :thread_safe_current_controller=        else          cattr_accessor :current_controller        end    end  end  

Then, in app/controllers/application.rb,

class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base    before_filter { |controller|      # all models in this thread/process refer to this controller      #  while processing this request      ActiveRecord::Base.current_controller = controller    }      ...  

Then, from any model,

if controller = ActiveRecord::Base.current_controller    # called from within a user request  else    # no controller is available, didn't get here from a request - maybe irb?  fi  

Anyhow, in your particular case you might want to inject code into your various ActiveRecord::Base descendants when the relevant controller classes load, so that the actual controller-aware code still resides in app/controllers/*.rb, but it is not mandatory to do so in order to get something functional (though ugly and hard to maintain.)

Have fun!


Solution:4

In one of my scripts I use the following hack:

  require 'action_controller/test_process'      sweepers = [ApartmentSweeper]      ActiveRecord::Base.observers = sweepers    ActiveRecord::Base.instantiate_observers      controller = ActionController::Base.new    controller.request = ActionController::TestRequest.new    controller.instance_eval do      @url = ActionController::UrlRewriter.new(request, {})    end      sweepers.each do |sweeper|      sweeper.instance.controller = controller    end  

Then, once the ActiveRecord callbacks are called, sweepers are able to call expire_fragment.


Solution:5

I'm a bit of a rails noob, so this may not be correct, or even helpful, but it seems wrong to be trying to call controller actions from within the model.

Is it not possible to write an action within the controller that does what you want and then invoke the controller action from within your rake task?


Solution:6

Why not have your external rake tasks call the expiry method on the controller. Then you're still being MVC compliant, you aren't building in a dependence on some scoping hack, etc.

For that matter, why don't you just put all the daemon / external functionality on a controller and have rake / cron just call that. It would be loads easier to maintain.

-- MarkusQ


Solution:7

Will it not be easier and clean just to pass the current controller as an argument to the model method call? Like following:

def delete_cascade(controller)      self.categories.each do |c|      c.delete_cascade(controller)      controller.expire_fragment(%r{article_manager/list/#{c.id}.*})                    end    PtSection.delete(self.id)    controller.expire_fragment(%r{category_manager/list/#{self.id}.*})          end  

You can access all public methods and properties of the controller from within model. As long as you do not modify the state of the controller, it should be fine.


Solution:8

This might not work for what you're doing, but you may be able to define a custom call back on your model:

class SomeModel < ActiveRecord::Base      define_callback :after_exploded        def explode          ... do something that invalidates your cache ...          callback :after_exploded      end  end  

You can then use a sweeper like you would normally:

class SomeModelSweeper < ActionController::Caching::Sweeper    observe SomeModel         def after_exploded(model)        ... expire your cache      end  end  

Let me know if this is useful!


Note:If u also have question or solution just comment us below or mail us on toontricks1994@gmail.com
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