Tutorial :distinct sql query


I have a simple table with just name and email called name_email.

I am trying to fetch data out of it so that: If two rows have the same name, but one has an email which is ending with ‘@yahoo.com’ and the other has a different email, then the one with the ‘@yahoo.com’ email should be discarded.

what would be best way to get this data out?


Okay, I'm not going to get involved in yet another fight with those who say I shouldn't advocate database schema changes (yes, you know who you are :-), but here's how I'd do it.

1/ If you absolutely cannot change the schema, I would solve it with code (either real honest-to-goodness procedural code outside the database or as a stored procedure in whatever language your DBMS permits).

This would check the database for a non-yahoo name and return it, if there. If not there, it would attempt to return the yahoo name. If neither are there, it would return an empty data set.

2/ If you can change the schema and you want an SQL query to do the work, here's how I'd do it. Create a separate column in your table called CLASS which is expected to be set to 0 for non-yahoo addresses and 1 for yahoo addresses.

Create insert/update triggers to examine each addition or change of a row, setting the CLASS based on the email address (what it ends in). This guarantees that CLASS will always be set correctly.

When you query your table, order it by name and class, and only select the first row. This will give you the email address in the following preference: non-yahoo, yahoo, empty dataset.

Something like:

select name, email  from tbl  where name = '[name]'  order by name, class  fetch first row only;  

If your DBMS doesn't have an equivalent to the DB2 "fetch first row only" clause, you'll probably still need to write code to only process one record.

If you want to process all names but only the specific desired email for that name, a program such as this will suffice (my views on trying to use a relational algebra such as SQL in a procedural way are pretty brutal, so I won't inflict them on you here):

# Get entire table contents sorted in name/class order.  resultSet = execQuery "select name, email from tbl order by name, class"    # Ensure different on first row  lastName = resultSet.value["name"] + "X"    # Process every single row returned.  while not resultSet.endOfFile:      # Only process the first in each name group (lower classes are ignored).      if resultSet.value["name"] != lastName:          processRow resultSet.value["name"] resultSet.value["email"]      # Store the last name so we can detect next name group.      lastName = resultSet.value["name"]  


select ne.*  from name_email ne  where ne.email not like '%@yahoo.com' escape '\' or      not exists(                 select 1 from name_email                 where name = ne.name and                 email not like '%@yahoo.com' escape '\'                )  


You could use something like the following to exclude invalid email addresses:

SELECT name, email  FROM name_email  WHERE email NOT LIKE '%@yahoo.com' // % symbol is a wildcard so joe@yahoo.com and guy@yahoo.com both match this query.  AND name = 'Joe Guy';  

Or do it like this to include only the valid email address or domain:

SELECT name, email  FROM name_email  WHERE email LIKE '%@gmail.com'  AND name = 'Joe Guy';  

This works well if you know ahead of time what specific names you are querying for and what email addresses or domains you want to exclude or include.

Or if you don't care which email address you return but only want to return one, you could use something like this:

SELECT DISTINCT (name, email)  FROM name_email;  


You could do

SELECT TOP 1 email  FROM name_email  WHERE name = 'Joe Guy'  ORDER BY case when email like '%yahoo.com' then 1 else 0 end  

So sort them by *@yahoo.com last and anything else first, and take the first one.

EDIT: sorry, misread the question - you want a list of each name, with only one email, and a preference for non-yahoo emails. Probably can use the above along with a group by, I'll have to rethink it.


Grabbing all the rows from the database, knowing not what the names are (and not needing to care about that really), but just want them to show, and if matching, skip a match if the email contains, in this case, @yahoo.com

SELECT DISTINCT name, email FROM name_email     WHERE email NOT LIKE '%@yahoo.com'     GROUP BY name;  

Doing that will grab all the rows, but only one of a record if the names match with another row. But then, if there are two rows with matching names, junk the one with @yahoo.com in the email.


Not very pretty, but I believe it should work

select       ne.name       ,ne.email  from       name_email ne      inner join (          select               name               ,count(*) as emails_per_name          from               name_email          group by name      ) nec           on ne.name = nec.name  where      nec.emails_per_name = 1      or (nec.emails_per_name > 1 and ne.email not like ('%@yahoo.com'))  

That is assuming that the duplicate emails would be in yahoo.com domain - as specified in your question, and those would be excluded if there is more than one email per name


If you are working with SQL Server 2005 or Oracle, you can easily solve your problem with a ranking (analytical) function.

select a.name, a.name_email  from (select name, name_email,               row_number() over (partition by name                                  order by case                                             when name_email like '%@yahoo.com' then 1                                             when name_email like '%@gmail.com' then 1                                             when ... (other 'generic' email) then 1                                             else 0                                           end) as rn) as a  where a.rn = 1  

By assigning different values to the various generic email names you can even have 'preferences'. As it is written here, if you have both a yahoo and a gmail address, you can't predict which one will be picked up.


You could use a UNION for this. Select everything without the yahoo.com and then just select the records that have yahoo.com and is not in the first list.

SELECT DISTINCT (name, name_email) FROM TABLE WHERE name_email NOT '%yahoo.com' UNION SELECT DISTINCT (name, name_email) FROM TABLE WHERE name NOT IN (SELECT DISTINCT (name, name_email) FROM TABLE WHERE name_email NOT '%yahoo.com')

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