Ubuntu: Mistaken dist-upgrade, is this bad?



Question:

I was looking for Update Manager on Ubuntu 10.10 Netbook Edition and couldn't find it, so in Terminal I did:

sudo apt-get update  sudo apt-get upgrade  

I got a message saying some packages were "held back" and searching online gave me the suggestion to do:

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade  

So I did that and it updated my kernel and now uname -a says I have 2.6.35-23-generic #40-Ubuntu SMP. My system is still working normally, but I'm now second-guessing if I did the right thing. Was this kernel update meant for the next version of Ubuntu? Should I try to back it out?


Solution:1

dist-upgrade has some advanced package dependency resolution that is used (possibly needed) when a package changes it's major version.

Updates, for example, will always keep your version of OpenOffice 1.x up to date, but as soon as the distribution switches to OpenOffice 2.x, a dist-upgrade will be needed to resolve some more complicated issues.

So: You didn't do anything wrong. If you want, you can always do sudo apt-get dist-upgrade. It happens automatically if needed (via Update Manager), but you may invoke it manually to your hearts content.

Safe for errors in the repository apt is pretty much bullet proof these days. :)


Solution:2

The only difference between apt-get upgrade and apt-get dist-upgrade is that dist-upgrade will install new packages or remove installed packages if that is necessary to fulfil package dependencies, while upgrade will hold back packages whose dependencies can't be fulfilled by just upgrading.

So if there are some hold back packages usually apt-get dist-upgrade is The Right Thing To Do.

But it's a good idea to first have a look on what it wants to do, especially if you are using unofficial packages sources like PPAs or apt-get dist-upgrade wants to remove packages.


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