Ubuntu: Connect to samba share from windows 10



Question:

I am having difficulties to connect to a samba share from Windows10. The samba-share is located on a Ubuntu server 16.04. I did some reading on the internet and did configure the share but can't connect from windows10.

Hopefully someone can help me I'm a bit desperate right now...

Accessing the server from windows file explorer gives the following feedback:

cannot access

diagnostics misspelled

diagnostics server exists

On forehand I did the following within the Ubuntu server:

Configuring /etc/samba/smb.conf:

#  # Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.  #  #  # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the  # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed  # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which  # are not shown in this example  #  # Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as  # commented-out examples in this file.  #  - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting  #    differs from the default Samba behaviour  #  - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default  #    behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important  #    enough to be mentioned here  #  # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command  # "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic  # errors.    #======================= Global Settings =======================    [global]    ## Browsing/Identification ###    # Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of     workgroup = RVNET    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field          server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:  # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server  #   wins support = no    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client  # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both  ;   wins server = w.x.y.z    # This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.     dns proxy = no    #### Networking ####  #  # Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.  #  #  # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the  # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed  # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which  # are not shown in this example  #  # Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as  # commented-out examples in this file.  #  - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting  #    differs from the default Samba behaviour  #  - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default  #    behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important  #    enough to be mentioned here  #  # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command  # "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic  # errors.    #======================= Global Settings =======================    [global]    ## Browsing/Identification ###    # Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of     workgroup = RVNET    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field          server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:  # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server  #   wins support = no    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client  # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both  ;   wins server = w.x.y.z  # This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.     dns proxy = no    #### Networking ####    # The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to  # This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;  # interface names are normally preferred  ;   interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0    # Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the  # 'interfaces' option above to use this.  # It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is  # not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself.  However, this  # option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.  ;   bind interfaces only = yes        #### Debugging/Accounting ####    # This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine  # that connects     log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m    # Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).     max log size = 1000    # If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following  # parameter to 'yes'.  #   syslog only = no    # We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything  # should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log  # through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.     syslog = 0    # Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace     panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d      ####### Authentication #######  security = user    # Server role. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible  # values are "standalone server", "member server", "classic primary  # domain controller", "classic backup domain controller", "active  # This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.     dns proxy = no    #### Networking ####    # The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to  # This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;  # interface names are normally preferred  ;   interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0    # Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the  # 'interfaces' option above to use this.  # It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is  # not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself.  However, this  # option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.  ;   bind interfaces only = yes        #### Debugging/Accounting ####    # This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine  # that connects     log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m    # Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).     max log size = 1000    # If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following    dns proxy = no    #### Networking ####    # The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to  # This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;  # interface names are normally preferred  ;   interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0    # Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the  # 'interfaces' option above to use this.  # It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is  # not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself.  However, this  # option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.  ;   bind interfaces only = yes        #### Debugging/Accounting ####    # This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine  # that connects     log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m    # Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).     max log size = 1000    # If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following  # parameter to 'yes'.  #   syslog only = no    # We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything  # should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log  # through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.     syslog = 0    # Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace     panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d      ####### Authentication #######  security = user    # Server role. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible  # values are "standalone server", "member server", "classic primary  # domain controller", "classic backup domain controller", "active  # directory domain controller".  #  # Most people will want "standalone sever" or "member server".  # Running as "active directory domain controller" will require first  # running "samba-tool domain provision" to wipe databases and create a  # new domain.     server role = standalone server    # If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what  # password database type you are using.     passdb backend = tdbsam    # We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything  # should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log  # through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.     syslog = 0    # Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace     panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d      ####### Authentication #######  security = user    # Server role. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible  # values are "standalone server", "member server", "classic primary  # domain controller", "classic backup domain controller", "active  # directory domain controller".  #  # Most people will want "standalone sever" or "member server".  # Running as "active directory domain controller" will require first  # running "samba-tool domain provision" to wipe databases and create a  # new domain.     server role = standalone server    # If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what  # password database type you are using.     passdb backend = tdbsam       obey pam restrictions = yes    # This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix  # password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the  # passdb is changed.     unix password sync = yes    # For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following  # parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for  # sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).     passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u     passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .    # This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes  # when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in  # 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.     pam password change = yes    # This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped  # to anonymous connections     map to guest = bad user    ########## Domains ###########    #  # The following settings only takes effect if 'server role = primary  # classic domain controller', 'server role = backup domain controller'  # or 'domain logons' is set  #    # It specifies the location of the user's  # profile directory from the client point of view) The following  # required a [profiles] share to be setup on the samba server (see  # below)  ;   logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U  # Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory  # (this is Samba's default)  #   logon path = \\%N\%U\profile    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set  # It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client  # point of view)  ;   logon drive = H:  #   logon home = \\%N\%U    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set  # It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored  # in the [netlogon] share  # NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention  ;   logon script = logon.cmd    # This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR  # RPC pipe.  The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix  # password; please adapt to your needs  ; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u    # This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the  # SAMR RPC pipe.  # The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system   add machine script  = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u    # This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR  # RPC pipe.  ; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g    ############ Misc ############    # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration  # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name  # of the machine that is connecting  ;   include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m    # Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges  # for something else.)  ;   idmap uid = 10000-20000  ;   idmap gid = 10000-20000  ;   template shell = /bin/bash    # Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders  # with the net usershare command.    # Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.  ;   usershare max shares = 100    # Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create  # public shares, not just authenticated ones     usershare allow guests = yes  #======================= Share Definitions =======================    # Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)  # to enable the default home directory shares. This will share each  # user's home directory as \\server\username  ;[homes]  ;   comment = Home Directories  ;   browseable = no    # By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the  # next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.  ;   read only = yes    # File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to  # create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.  ;   create mask = 0700    # Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to  # create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.  ;   directory mask = 0700    # By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone  # with access to the samba server.  # Un-comment the following parameter to make sure that only "username"  # can connect to \\server\username  # This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes  ;   valid users = %S    # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons  # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)  ;[netlogon]  ;   comment = Network Logon Service  ;   path = /home/samba/netlogon  ;   guest ok = yes  ;   read only = yes    # Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store  # users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)  # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)  # The path below should be writable by all users so that their  # profile directory may be created the first time they log on  ;[profiles]     comment = Users profiles     path = /mnt/raid5/data16  ;   guest ok = no     browseable = yes     valid users = rick  ;   create mask = 0600  ;   directory mask = 0700     available = yes     public = yes     read only = no     writable = yes    [printers]     comment = All Printers     browseable = yes     path = /var/spool/samba     printable = yes     guest ok = yes     read only = yes     create mask = 0700    # Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable  # printer drivers  [print$]     comment = Printer Drivers     path = /var/lib/samba/printers     browseable = yes     read only = yes     guest ok = no  # Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.  # You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your  # admin users are members of.  # Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions  # to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it  ;   write list = root, @lpadmin  

I did use the following commands to add a group on the data16 directory. User rick has access to the directory and I checked he can access that directory from within the Ubuntu server. I created some test-directories there. I used the following commandline commands:

rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ sudo groupadd data16  rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ sudo usermod -a -G data16 rick  rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ sudo mkdir data16  rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ sudo chgrp -R data16 /mnt/raid5/data16  rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ sudo chmod -R 777 /mnt/raid5/data16  rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ sudo chmod g+s /mnt/raid5/data16  rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ sudo smbpasswd -a rick  Added user rick.  rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ sudo restart smbd  rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ sudo restart nmdb  rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ sudo /etc/init.d/samba restart  

Finally a view on the directory info:

rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5$ ls -all  total 60  drwxr-xr-x 15 root root   4096 Jan 18 20:24 .  drwxr-xr-x  3 root root   4096 Jan 18 19:46 ..  drwxr-xr-x  2 root root   4096 Apr 12  2016 backups  drwxr-xr-x  9 root root   4096 Jan  7 15:55 cache  drwxrwxrwt  2 root root   4096 Jan  7 15:56 crash  drwxrwsrwx  5 root data16 4096 Jan 28 14:07 data16  drwxr-xr-x 48 root root   4096 Jan  7 16:00 lib  drwxrwsr-x  2 root staff  4096 Apr 12  2016 local  lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root      9 Jan  7 15:50 lock -> /run/lock  drwxrwxr-x 11 root syslog 4096 Jan  7 16:01 log  drwxrwsr-x  2 root mail   4096 Aug  1 13:16 mail  drwxr-xr-x  2 root root   4096 Aug  1 13:16 opt  lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root      4 Jan  7 15:50 run -> /run  drwxr-xr-x  2 root root   4096 Apr 29  2017 snap  drwxr-xr-x  5 root root   4096 Jan  7 15:55 spool  drwxrwxrwt  2 root root   4096 Jan  7 16:00 tmp  drwxr-xr-x  3 root root   4096 Jan  7 15:55 www  

Information asked by N0rbert: rick@RVSERVER16:/mnt/raid5/data16$ smbclient -L localhost WARNING: The "syslog" option is deprecated Enter rick's password: Domain=[RVNET] OS=[Windows 6.1] Server=[Samba 4.3.11-Ubuntu]

    Sharename       Type      Comment      ---------       ----      -------      profiles        Disk      Users profiles      print$          Disk      Printer Drivers      IPC$            IPC       IPC Service (RVSERVER16 server (Samba, Ubuntu))  

Domain=[RVNET] OS=[Windows 6.1] Server=[Samba 4.3.11-Ubuntu]

    Server               Comment      ---------            -------      RVSERVER16           RVSERVER16 server (Samba, Ubuntu)      RVZOLDER             RV_ZOLDER        Workgroup            Master      ---------            -------      RVNET                RVSERVER16  


Solution:1

Thanks to Thomas the problem is solved, thanks man: You share definition is broken. You have commented out ;[profiles] which should serve the /mnt/raid5/data16 path. So remove the comment ; and try to connect via \rvserver16\profiles. â€" Thomas 1 hour ago

I did remove the " ;" and restarted the samba service. Then I tried \RVSERVER\mnt\raid5\data16 again. I got a login window but I was rejected with the smb password. Then I saw you said try to connect via \rvserver16\profiles. And then, voila, I was connected and saw the test-directories. I am very happy.


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