Ubuntu: How do I access Wine applications from Unity?



Question:

I just did a clean install of 11.10. This is my first time using Unity. I installed Wine and successfully used it to install IrfanView. I can't figure out how to launch IrfanView from Unity. Do Wine programs not show up in Unity, and if not, how do I access them?


Solution:1

Usually you can launch the program by typing the first few letters of the application's name into the Unity dash. In your case, you would begin typing "IrfanView" and if the application created any desktop shortcuts / start menu icons, then they should show up when you type the first few letters.

If that fails, you can try opening up Wine's "C drive" and find the application's executable. You can find most Wine applications in ~/.wine/drive_c/Program Files. Almost all Windows applications install to C:\Program Files, so you should see a folder for your application in there. Once you find the application, you can launch it by simply double-clicking it.


Solution:2

I'm getting my first taste of Unity on 11.10 also. The way I add wine launchers to the Unity launch bar is to search for it by name in dash and drag the icon over to the bar. Wine integration is not great because clicking the launcher creates another icon named "Wine Windows Program Loader".

If your not seeing the apps in dash I would first fully update your system and reboot. If your still not seeing it make sure Zeitgeist is running. You should see processes called "zeitgeist-deamon" and "zeitgeist-datahub". They need to be present for dash to work properly. Either way try starting zeitgeist in debug mode and look for errors.

Don't use sudo

zeitgeist-deamon --quit  zeitgeist-deamon --log-level DEBUG  

I tried viewing the debug info from Zeitgeist while installing a wine application but I saw nothing relevant coming out. The program showed up in dash instantly for me. Perhaps you may see errors or something useful.


Solution:3

According to some posts, an application is shown in the Unity launcher if there is a "desktop" settings file for this application in the /usr/share/applications/ directory.

I remarked that a "desktop" file seems to be nothing else than a simple text file. If you right-clic on it, you can open a properties display window, but what you discover there is not very useful. Instead of it, if you copy this file into your home directory, rename it as .txt, you will see more and learn how you can do a launcher for your windows application.

I made a test launcher for a simple "mscalc.exe" which runs with "wine", and it works perfectly from the Unity launcher. Here is how i did:

(1) Put mscalc.exe and mscalc.ico intho a .wine subdirectory

(2) prepared a .txt file with this content:

[Desktop Entry]  Name=mscalc  Comment=Perform arithmetic, scientific or financial calculations  Keywords=calculation;calculator;mscalc  Exec=sh -c "cd /home/username/.wine/drive_c/windows; wine /home/username/.wine/drive_c/windows/mscalc.exe"  Icon=/home/username/.wine/drive_c/windows/mscalc.ico  Terminal=false  Type=Application  StartupNotify=true  Categories=Applications;Utilites;Calculator  X-Ubuntu-Gettext-Domain=windows-calculator  

(3) Then I renamed my txt file to have a ".desktop" extension, changed the properties to make it executable. With the command line it was easy:

cp mscalc.txt mscalc.desktop  chmod +x mscalc.desktop  

(4) And finally I placed it in the correct directory:

(edit: I remarked that some mistakes in the .txt file will cause the display of several warnings each time you log in. Though it does not seem to harm, better let the desktop icons on your desktop and not deploy them in the /usr/share/applications directory).

sudo cp -iv mscalc.desktop /usr/share/applications/  

In this example I'm pretty sure there are many unnecessary or inacurate settings. But you will notice that

  • Inside this txt file I used "cd" to change the directory where the application will be running.
  • Of course you will have to change "username" into the real user
    name.
  • I used drive_c\windows directory to avoid the "program files" directory name, because the space is not easily accepted. But you can use it using an escape character (double "\"), like this: /home/username/.wine/dosdevices/c:/Program\\ Files/
  • The setting "Categories=Applications;" seems to be useful to see this application in the correct part of the launcher. I don't know the existing categories but Applications" seems correct to make it appear somewhere :-)


Solution:4

I'm using the classic menu indicator for slowly weaning myself off the gnome panel and onto unity.

Whilst not a direct resolution for you it might be an easy workaround.


Note:If u also have question or solution just comment us below or mail us on toontricks1994@gmail.com
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