Ubuntu: Command for determining my public IP?



Question:

If I check with google, I can see my public IP. Is there something on the Ubuntu command-line which will yield me the same answer?


Solution:1

If you are not behind a router, you can find it out using ifconfig.

If you are behind a router, then your computer will not know about the public IP address as the router does a network address translation. You could ask some website what your public IP address is using curl or wget and extract the information you need from it:

curl -s checkip.dyndns.org | sed -e 's/.*Current IP Address: //' -e 's/<.*$//'    

or shorter

curl ipinfo.io/ip  


Solution:2

For finding the external ip, you can either use external web-based services, or use system based methods. The easier one is to use the external service, also the ifconfig based solutions will work in your system only if you're not behind a NAT. the two methods has been discussed below in detail.

Finding external IP using external services

The easiest way is to use an external service via a commandline browser or download tool. Since wget is available by default in Ubuntu, we can use that.
To find your ip, use-

$ wget -qO- http://ipecho.net/plain ; echo  

Courtesy:

You could also use lynx(browser) or curl in place of wget with minor variations to the above command, to find your external ip.

Using curl to find the ip:

$ curl ipecho.net/plain  

For a better formatted output use:

$ curl ipecho.net/plain ; echo  

A faster (arguably the fastest) method using dig with OpenDNS as resolver:

The other answers here all go over HTTP to a remote server. Some of them require parsing of the output, or rely on the User-Agent header to make the server respond in plain text. They also change quite frequently (go down, change their name, put up ads, might change output format etc.).

  1. The DNS response protocol is standardised (the format will stay compatible).
  2. Historically DNS services (OpenDNS, Google Public DNS, ..) tend to survive much longer and are more stable, scalable and generally looked after than whatever new hip whatismyip.com HTTP service is hot today.
  3. (for those geeks that care about micro-optimisation), this method should be inherently faster (be it only by a few micro seconds).

Using dig with OpenDNS as resolver:

$ dig +short myip.opendns.com @resolver1.opendns.com    111.222.333.444  

Copied from: https://unix.stackexchange.com/a/81699/14497

Finding external IP without relying on external services

  • If you know your network interface name

Type the following in your terminal:

$ LANG=c ifconfig <interface_name> | grep "inet addr" | awk -F: '{print $2}' | awk '{print $1}'  

In the above, replace <interface_name> with the name of your actual interface, e.g: eth0, eth1, pp0, etc...

Example Usage:

$ LANG=c ifconfig ppp0 | grep "inet addr" | awk -F: '{print $2}' | awk '{print $1}'  111.222.333.444  
  • If you don't know your network interface name

Type the following in your terminal (this gets the name and ip address of every network interface in your system):

$ LANG=c ifconfig | grep -B1 "inet addr" |awk '{ if ( $1 == "inet" ) { print $2 } else if ( $2 == "Link" ) { printf "%s:" ,$1 } }' |awk -F: '{ print $1 ": " $3 }'  

Example Usage:

$ LANG=c ifconfig | grep -B1 "inet addr" |awk '{ if ( $1 == "inet" ) { print $2 } else if ( $2 == "Link" ) { printf "%s:" ,$1 } }' |awk -F: '{ print $1 ": " $3 }'  lo: 127.0.0.1  ppp0: 111.222.333.444  

N.B: Outputs are indicative and not real.

Courtesy: http://www.if-not-true-then-false.com/2010/linux-get-ip-address/

UPDATE

  1. LANG=c has been added to ifconfig based usages, so that it always gives the english output, irrespective of locale setting.


Solution:3

My favorite has always been :

curl ifconfig.me  

simple, easy to type.

You will have to install curl first ;)

If ifconfig.me is down try icanhazip.com and or ipecho.net

curl icanhazip.com  

or

curl ipecho.net  


Solution:4

icanhazip.com is my favorite.

curl icanhazip.com  

You can request IPv4 explicitly:

curl ipv4.icanhazip.com  

If you don't have curl you can use wget instead:

wget -qO- icanhazip.com  


Solution:5

I've found everything to be annoying and slow, so I wrote my own. It's simple and fast.

Its API is on http://api.ident.me/

Examples:

curl ident.me  curl v4.ident.me  curl v6.ident.me  


Solution:6

You could use a DNS request instead of HTTP request to find out your public IP:

$ dig +short myip.opendns.com @resolver1.opendns.com  

It uses resolver1.opendns.com dns server to resolve the magical myip.opendns.com hostname to your ip address.


Solution:7

The one i'm using is :

wget -O - -q icanhazip.com  

Yes, you can have ip :-)


Solution:8

Type in this exactly, press Enter where indicated:

telnet ipecho.net 80Enter
GET /plain HTTP/1.1Enter
HOST: ipecho.net Enter
BROWSER: web-kitEnter
Enter

This manually submits a HTTP request, which will return your IP at the bottom of a HTTP/1.1 200 OK reply

Example output:

$ telnet ipecho.net 80  Trying 146.255.36.1...  Connected to ipecho.net.  Escape character is '^]'.  GET /plain HTTP/1.1  HOST: ipecho.net  BROWSER: web-kit    HTTP/1.1 200 OK  Date: Tue, 02 Jul 2013 07:11:42 GMT  Server: Apache  Expires: Mon, 26 Jul 1997 05:00:00 GMT  Cache-Control: no-cache  Pragma: no-cache  Vary: Accept-Encoding  Transfer-Encoding: chunked  Content-Type: text/html    f  111.222.333.444  0  


Solution:9

Amazon AWS

curl http://checkip.amazonaws.com  

Sample output:

123.123.123.123  

I like it because:

  • it returns just the plaintext IP, nothing else
  • it is from a well known provider which is unlikely to go offline anytime soon


Solution:10

Another fast one (might well be the fastest, relatively)

curl ipecho.net/plain  


Solution:11

I have a stupid service for this by telnet. Something like this:

telnet myip.gelma.net    Your IPv4: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx  Your IPv6: ::ffff:xxxx:xxxx  

Feel free to use it.


Solution:12

For this, STUN was invented. As a client you can send a request to a publicly available STUN server and have it give back the IP address it sees. Sort of the low level whatismyip.com as it uses no HTTP and no smartly crafted DNS servers but the blazingly fast STUN protocol.

Using stunclient

If you have stunclient installed (apt-get install stuntman-client on debian/ubuntu) you can simply do:

$stunclient stun.services.mozilla.com  Binding test: success  Local address: A.B.C.D:42541  Mapped address: W.X.Y.Z:42541  

where A.B.C.D is the IP address of your machine on the local net and W.X.Y.Z is the IP address servers like websites see from the outside (and the one you are looking for). Using sed you can reduce the output above to only an IP address:

stunclient stun.services.mozilla.com |      sed -n -e "s/^Mapped address: \(.*\):.*$/\1/p"  

However, your question was how to find it using the command line, which might exclude using a STUN client. So I wonder...

Using bash

A STUN request can be handcrafted, sent to an external STUN server using netcat and be post-processed using dd, hexdump and sed like so:

$echo -en '\x00\x01\x00\x08\xc0\x0c\xee\x42\x7c\x20\x25\xa3\x3f\x0f\xa1\x7f\xfd\x7f\x00\x00\x00\x03\x00\x04\x00\x00\x00\x00' |      nc -u -w 2 stun.services.mozilla.com 3478 |      dd bs=1 count=4 skip=28 2>/dev/null |      hexdump -e '1/1 "%u."' |      sed 's/\.$/\n/'  

The echo defines a binary STUN request (0x0001 indicates Binding Request) having length 8 (0x0008) with cookie 0xc00cee and some pasted stuff from wireshark. Only the four bytes representing the external IP are taken from the answer, cleaned and printed.

Working, but not recommended for production use :-)

P.S. Many STUN servers are available as it is a core technology for SIP and WebRTC. Using one from Mozilla should be safe privacy-wise but you could also use another: STUN server list


Solution:13

You can read a web page using only bash, without curl, wget:

$ exec 3<> /dev/tcp/icanhazip.com/80 && # open connection    echo 'GET /' >&3 &&                   # send http 0.9 request    read -u 3 && echo $REPLY &&           # read response    exec 3>&-                             # close fd  


Solution:14

Use cURL with ipogre.com (IPv4 and IPv6 are supported).

IPv4

curl ipv4.ipogre.com  

IPv6

curl ipv6.ipogre.com  

http://www.ipogre.com/faqs/linux.php


Solution:15

For those of us with login access to our routers, using a script to ask the router what its' WAN IP address is is the most efficient way to determine the external IP address. For instance the following python script prints out the external IP for my Medialink MWN-WAPR300N router:

import urllib, urllib2, cookielib  import re  from subprocess import check_output as co    cookie_jar = cookielib.CookieJar()  opener = urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor(cookie_jar))  urllib2.install_opener(opener)    def get(url, values=None):    data = None    if values: data = urllib.urlencode(values)    req = urllib2.Request(url, data)    rsp = urllib2.urlopen(req)    return rsp.read()    router = co(['ip', '-o', 'ro', 'list', '0.0.0.0/0']).split()[2]  url = "http://" + router    get(url+"/index.asp")  get(url+"/LoginCheck", dict(checkEn='0', Username='admin', Password='admin'))  page = get(url+"/system_status.asp")    for line in page.split("\n"):    if line.startswith("wanIP = "):      print line.split('"')[1]      exit(1)  

Note that this is not very secure (as is the case with plaintext credentials & logging in to most routers), and is certainly not portable (needs to be changed for each router). It is however very fast and a perfectly reasonable solution on a physically secure home network.

To customize the script for another router, I recommend using the tamperdata addon in firefox to determine what HTTP requests to make.


Solution:16

These will get the local IPs:

ifconfig  

or for shorter output:

ifconfig | grep inet  

also

ip addr show  

and probably:

hostname -I  

This should get the external IP

wget http://smart-ip.net/myip -O - -q ; echo  

N.B. If you don't mind to installing curl, this as well:

curl http://smart-ip.net/myip  


Solution:17

If you have installed lynx in Ubuntu type

lynx bot.whatismyipaddress.com  


Solution:18

use ip!

ip addr show  

then look for the relevant adapter (not lo, and usually eth0), and locate the ip address near inet.


Solution:19

Many home routers can be queried by UPnP:

curl "http://fritz.box:49000/igdupnp/control/WANIPConn1" -H "Content-Type: text/xml; charset="utf-8"" -H "SoapAction:urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:WANIPConnection:1#GetExternalIPAddress" -d "<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?> <s:Envelope s:encodingStyle='http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/' xmlns:s='http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/'> <s:Body> <u:GetExternalIPAddress xmlns:u='urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:WANIPConnection:1' /> </s:Body> </s:Envelope>" -s  

Then, grep the ip address from the answer.

grep -Eo '\<[[:digit:]]{1,3}(\.[[:digit:]]{1,3}){3}\>'  


Solution:20

If you are using DD-WRT then this works for me:

curl -s 192.168.1.1 | grep "ipinfo" | awk -v FS="(IP: |</span)" '{print $2}'  

or

curl -s -u your_ddwrt_username:your_ddwrt_password http://192.168.1.1 | grep "ipinfo" | awk -v FS="(IP: |</span)" '{print $2}'  
  • Where 192.168.1.1 is the Gateway/Router LAN IP Address of the DD-WRT router.

  • The -s component means silent (i.e. don't show the curl progress information).

  • Oh, I should mention that I use the above with "DD-WRT v24-sp2 (01/04/15) std".


Solution:21

A command with no dependencies except 8.8.8.8 being a GOogle DNS:

echo $(ip route get 8.8.8.8 | awk '{print $NF; exit}')  


Solution:22

Simply issue a traceroute for any website or service..

sudo traceroute -I google.com  

Line 2 always seems to be my public IP address after it gets past my router gateway.

user@user-PC ~ $ sudo traceroute -I google.com  traceroute to google.com (173.194.46.104), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets   1  25.0.8.1 (25.0.8.1)  230.739 ms  231.416 ms  237.819 ms   2  199.21.149.1 (199.21.149.1)  249.136 ms  250.754 ms  253.994 ms**  

So, make a bash command.

sudo traceroute -I google.com | awk -F '[ ]' '{ if ( $2 ="2" ) { print $5 } }'  

And the output...

(199.21.149.1)  

I don't think relying on PHP scripts and the sort is good practice.


Note:If u also have question or solution just comment us below or mail us on toontricks1994@gmail.com
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