Ubuntu: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/) is another process using it?



Question:

I get this error when trying to use apt-get:

E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11 Resource temporarily unavailable)  E: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/) is another process using it?    

How can I fix this?


Solution:1

This should be used as last resort. If you use this carelessly you can end up with a broken system. Please try the other answers before doing this.

You can delete the lock file with the following command:

sudo rm /var/lib/apt/lists/lock  

You may also need to delete the lock file in the cache directory

sudo rm /var/cache/apt/archives/lock  sudo rm /var/lib/dpkg/lock  

After that, try opening Synaptic again.


Solution:2

I see pretty much all the answers recommend deleting the lock. I don't recommend doing that as a first measure; maybe if there is no alternative. The lock is placed when an apt process is running, and is removed when the process completes. If there is a lock with no apparent process running, this may mean the process got stuck for some reason.

If you try

ps aux | grep apt  

that will catch processes containing the word apt, at least. If you see an apt-get process or an aptitude process that looks stuck, you can try

kill processnumber  

and if that doesn't work try

kill -9 processnumber  

This should kill the process and may remove the lock. Killing an apt or aptitude process is harmless unless it is actually in the middle of package installation. In any case, if the process got stuck, you probably don't have a choice but to kill it.

Killing a dpkg process directly, if present, is not a good idea, because if dpkg is active, it is probably manipulating the package database, and killing it may leave the package database in an inconsistent state; i.e. corrupted.

Killing an apt-get or aptitude process is in general much safer.


Solution:3

Remove your /var/lib/dpkg/lock file and force package reconfiguration.

sudo rm /var/lib/dpkg/lock  sudo dpkg --configure -a  

It should work after this.


Solution:4

You will get this message if you forget to use sudo when executing an apt command.

Otherwise this is a sign that something else is installing or removing software and has locked the apt database while it performs the actions. The programs that can do this are:

  • The Software Center
  • The Update Manager
  • The apt link installer (I think this now goes through SC)
  • The apt-get or aptitude command line utilities.
  • The Synaptic Package Manager

You can force the lock off by removing the file, but it's not recommended without first closing the program that's holding the lock safely, since you could cause corruption or interrupt an installation (bad). The command provided by João should close the program that holds the lock and then remove the lock but won't protect you from install interruption:

sudo fuser -cuk /var/lib/dpkg/lock; sudo rm -f /var/lib/dpkg/lock     

And the same command can be used for the apt cache lock:

sudo fuser -cuk /var/cache/apt/archives/lock; sudo rm -f /var/cache/apt/archives/lock  

IMPORTANT: only do this as a last resort since it can crash your system. First try killing any running instance of apt or aptitude as described in Faheem's answer.


Solution:5

Only one program can hold the lock. Make sure that you are not running aptitude, synaptic or adept. Close the program and run it again it should work.You may either have synaptic open, or have another terminal window open running apt-get, or have the update manager running.Check it and see if any of those are running,if any of them is running close it and try again.

Try this command in terminal to find what is running

ps -e | grep -e apt -e adept | grep -v grep  

Note:
If that doesn’t print anything, type the following in terminal to remove the lock

sudo rm /var/lib/dpkg/lock      sudo rm /var/cache/apt/archives/lock  

Now you can install any Packages.


Solution:6

The most likely way to hit this is:

  • boot Ubuntu
  • start a terminal
  • type sudo apt-get install whatever

and the command-line apt overlaps with update-manager automatically polling.

So if you try again in a few minutes that should fix it.


Solution:7

This will happen if you have 'Update Manager' running in parallel for any update check or install as install process places Lock. If you're facing the same error without 'Update Manager' running you have to remove it from /var/lib/dgkg/lock, which definitely you can't do it manually

sudo fuser -cuk /var/lib/dpkg/lock  sudo rm -f /var/lib/dpkg/lock  

works fine. Taken from: https://askubuntu.com/a/15469/68707


Solution:8

So far the best way to get it working without breaking a possible background running installation ( as it could happen by removing the lock file), is stopping the service using apt:

Error:

# sudo apt-get upgrade  E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11: Resource temporarily unavailable)  E: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/), is another process using it?`  

Solution:

sudo systemctl stop apt-daily.timer  

After upgrading the system I suggest re-enabling it, as the bug locking it could be fixed with the upgrade.

sudo systemctl start apt-daily.timer

I haven't verified this error gets fixed after upgrading. I'll add a new comment once I have that verified


Solution:9

Don't be so fast to remove something, it may totally damage your system; rather wait until the currently installing or uninstalling program finishes its task and after that you will get access. If you think that there is nothing currently installing or uninstalling, then just reboot your system with the command sudo reboot.


Solution:10

The cause of this error may be Update Manager automatically refreshing the repositories in background (typical right after logging in after a fresh install).

If this is the case just wait few seconds or launch Update Manager to check the status.


Solution:11

First of all we should check what process created the lock file using lsof:

sudo lsof /var/lib/dpkg/lock  

or in another situation where /var/lib/apt/lists/lock is problematic:

sudo lsof /var/lib/apt/lists/lock  

The output will be close to something like:

COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF    NODE NAME  apt-get   12127 root   4uW  REG  252,1        0    86   /var/lib/apt/lists/lock  

Then we should check what the commad is doing, we can find it out using ps, pgrep etc; the command is apt-get so I run:

pgrep apt-get -a  

The -a switch lists the full command for me, in my case it's:

 pgrep -a apt-get   12127 apt-get update  

we can see that it's running update subcommand, I could run something like this too:

ps -f 12127  

which produces:

UID        PID  PPID  C STIME TTY      STAT   TIME CMD  root     12127 12126  0 09:39 pts/0    S+     0:00 apt-get update  

In this case I would wait for some minute for resource to be freed and if after 2 or 3 minute problem still exist or the command was something that I didn't care about or was not harmful for system (like this apt-get update) I send a SIGTERM to the process:

sudo kill -15 12127  

It should do the work, If it didn't I'm going to send SIGINT this time (It's like pressing CTRL+C):

sudo kill -2 12127  

If it didn't work too, we should send an SIGHUP (kill -1), and finally if nothing works I simply kill the process:

sudo kill -9 12127  

or

sudo pkill -9 apt-get  

Then I remove busy resources:

sudo rm /var/lib/apt/lists/lock  


Solution:12

Just sudo rm -f /var/lib/apt/lists/lock and try again.

apt-fast MAY be responsible for not unlocking properly; this happens sometimes when you abort apt-get or dpkg too.


Solution:13

If you have security updates set to auto-install this will happen frequently. I literally wait 30 seconds and it fixes the issue. Just throwing this out there in case anyone else encounters this issue.


Solution:14

I don't see this answer anywhere above but on Ubuntu 16.04, I encountered this problem as well. The cause was the time on my computer was set into the future. (This is because I'm on a Windows+Ubuntu dual boot system and I guess I have messed up local time vs UTC time.)

One odd thing was that the locked file's date and time was the exact date and time that I ran the program.

I then used "fuser" as described in earlier posts and apt worked, but I was getting complaints about needing to run dpkg -a -reconfigure. When I did that, I got errors like:

newline in field name #padding  

in files like '/var/lib/dpkg/updates/0003'.

All of this was very strange as I've never seen it before. So, I thought these were symptoms and changed my data and time manually. I knew there was a problem with the date/time when I logged in, but was ignoring it. (Previously, it was setting it automatically via the Internet and NTP).

Then, all of the above problems were fixed... Hopefully, this helps someone else! The most notable symptom is perhaps the date/time of the lock file being the exact date/time that you are trying to run the command.


Solution:15

In my case I was getting the same message by not realizing I had switched to root user and was trying sudo apt-get. Once I realized this I just ran apt-get, and it worked. Silly, but it might still explain the error for some.


Solution:16

In my case I just waited for several minutes and the lock has been released (looks like aptd used to hold it). This all happened right after system boot.


Solution:17

I have had this issue numerous times. For me, it was almost always caused by apt-get or some GUI that called it getting hung for some reason. I had to kill it which left various locks in place.

The other answers bring up very good points about making sure no updates are currently running before doing anything drastic like removing lock files. However, once you are sure that's not the case, the following usually works for me. I got it by reading many answers to questions like this one.

While most or all of this is presented in the other answers, this distills the fix down to a few commands.

sudo fuser -vki /var/lib/dpkg/lock  sudo fuser -vki /var/cache/apt/archives/lock  sudo fuser -vki /var/cache/debconf/config.dat  sudo dpkg --configure -a  

Use for unlocking the package system after an update of some kind crashed or terminated without finishing in some other way. These commands should be run in the order presented.


Solution:18

In my case, X crashed while apt-get was still removing old kernels. I used the System Monitor to confirm it was still running and not stuck. Everything was fine once the process finished.


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