Ubuntu: Ubuntu 11.10 - computer with no HDD



Question:

I'm new to Linux and Ubuntu [less than a month using Ubuntu 11.10].

this old machine i have:

amd athlon x2 64, 4gb ram  no hdd  no cd/dvd drive  usb pen 4gb with live cd [Ubuntu 11.10 i386]  usb pen 8gb --- intended as hdd  sd card 2gb --- with Ubuntu 11.10 i386 iso file  fast internet 25 mib/s  

what im trying to do is:

  • start computer with 4GB pen Ubuntu 11.10
  • install Ubuntu in 8GB pen [not create a live cd]
  • work from the 8GB pen with Ubuntu installed in it.

is this possible ?

if so, any tips how i go to do this ?


Solution:1

As found here in this previous post:

How can I save settings on a Live USB?

You could use the USB stick as the boot device and even save documents and settings on the USB.

The article above references this entry from the Ubuntu wiki that should be helpful:

https://wiki.ubuntu.com/LiveUsbPendrivePersistent


Solution:2

2016 Ubuntu 11.10 is no longer supported, but a normal install should work for all versions, as long as you unplug your internal HDD first.

To customize the install to suit pendrives, (optional). When installation gets to Partitioning select "Something else".

Leave the first partition FAT32 so items in that partition can be accessed by Linux or Windows.

Make the second partition ext4 and select "/" for mount point. This is where the system will be installed.

You can optionally make a third partition ext2 or ext4 and set mount point "/home". This can save the data in your home folder during upgrades.

You can make a fourth partition as swap but many people don't use swap on flash drives as they are afraid of making too many writes to the pendrive,

Pendrives are normally good for over 10000 writes, at 50MB/s, this is a long time, years or decades depending on pendrive size. pendrives also use wear leveling to distribute writes over the drive. if it ever does wear out it will turn read only and data will not be lost.

After partitioning continue with the install.

If you are OK with a persistent install try mkusb, it will make a Live USB install with persistent partitions. left over space is turned into a NTFS first partition that Linux and Windows can both use.

See Running an install from a flash drive for comparison between Persistent and Full install.


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