Ubuntu: Linux equivalents of Windows / DOS terms [duplicate]



Question:

This question already has an answer here:

I am trying to adjust to Linux terms after many years of DOS and Windows. I have been wanting to switch from Windows to Linux for years now, but couldn't decide on a flavor. Today I got fed up with Windows 7 and just picked one--Ubuntu.

I know Linux has different terms and the file system is a little different. Right now I am trying to find the Linux equivalent of the root directory. My external drives all have their proper names, but the C: drive's name apparently was changed. I would like to change it back, if possible.

Is there a glossary or something that can be used?


Solution:1

Windows and Linux have very different partition naming conventions.

First C: Drive is not a whole disk drive but just one partition. In Linux, drives are often referred to as /dev/sda, /dev/sdb etc. The partitions inside the drives are indicated by the numbered suffix, such as /dev/sda1. /dev/sda2 etc.

Second, the partitioned need to be mounted before they can be used in Linux. The place where they are mounted are called mount points. A special mount point is /, or the root of the file system. This mount point is reserved for Ubuntu system partition, the rough equivalent of Windows C:\

Third, other non-system partitions can be mounted anywhere as in a folder or sub-folder. For example, if you have a partition for music files, you could mount it in your home folder like /home/[userID]/Music.

Fourth, if your C:\ partition has a name, Ubuntu will try to use that name to mount that partition. If not, you can make Ubuntu mount it folder that you name. For example, you can create a folder /media/OldStinkyC_Drive and mount your C:\ partition there! Note, unlike Windows everything in Ubuntu is case sensitive.

Here is a reference of DOS to Linux commands:

http://www.yolinux.com/TUTORIALS/unix_for_dos_users.html

Hope this helps


Solution:2

I've found these DOS-to-Linux Terminal cheat sheets, hope they help!:

In order to better understand how the Terminal syntax works, I recommend this page:

Just a curiosity: if you eventually get used to the Linux commands and see yourself in a situation where you're using both DOS and Linux, you might want to find out how to run the Linux terminal on Windows before you start smashing keyboards. Take a look at this Q&A:


Solution:3

Ubuntu's root directory is FileSystem marked (/) you can see it and access your file system when you click on your Home Folder in building list tree you can see FileSystem it will be your ex C: that you used to have in your Windows, when you click the properties you'll see that it equals to your ex C: hdd size that you used to have. For renaming/changing partitions use GParted you can download it at Ubuntu Software Center or using Synaptic Manager. More details about Ubuntu's partitions you can find over here


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