Ubuntu: How to install software or upgrade from an old unsupported release?



Question:

Recently I have installed an older version of Ubuntu on my old machine. Whenever I try to install any software, I get an error saying it couldn't be found:

$ sudo apt-get install vlc  Reading package lists... Done                 Building dependency tree         Reading state information... Done      E: Couldn't find package vlc  


Solution:1

The repositories for older releases that are not supported (like 11.04, 11.10 and 13.04) get moved to an archive server. There are repositories available at http://old-releases.ubuntu.com

The reason for this is that it is now out of support and no longer receiving updates and security patches.

I would urge you to consider a supported distribution. If your computer is too old in terms of memory or processor then you should consider a distribution such as Lubuntu or Xubuntu.

If you want to continue using an outdated release then edit /etc/apt/sources.list and change archive.ubuntu.com to old-releases.ubuntu.com

You can do this with sed

sudo sed -i -re 's/([a-z]{2}\.)?archive.ubuntu.com|security.ubuntu.com/old-releases.ubuntu.com/g' /etc/apt/sources.list  

then update with

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade  

Sometimes, it might be faster to create backups of your system and reinstall using supported release instead.

source


To upgrade to a new release:

Once you have performed the above steps to switch to the old-releases mirrors, update the Update Manager and then do do-release-upgrade:

sudo apt-get update  sudo apt-get install update-manager-core  sudo do-release-upgrade  

See also:


Solution:2

What are 404 errors

The 404 or Not Found error message is a HTTP standard response code indicating that the client was able to communicate with the server, but the server could not find what was requested.

The web site hosting server will typically generate "404 - Page Not Found" web page, when users attempts to follow a broken or dead link.

Why are we facing 404 errors

Ubuntu follows the approach of two different release cycles:

Normal Ubuntu releases are supported for 9 months. LTS releases are supported for 5 years.

Past releases may have different support schedules (for example, normal releases (before 13.04) used to be supported for 18 months, while LTS releases (before 12.04) used to be supported for 3 years on the desktop and 5 years on the server).

EOL: Once the support period for a particular release is over; they are called End Of Life (EOL) and all the updates and package repositories for that Release are transferred to a different server which results in 404 errors while running sudo apt-get update. You can confirm if your release has become EOL by going to this page. If your Ubuntu release is mentioned under "End Of Life (EOL)" Table, then the release is no longer supported and you should try to upgrade to a newer supported release. However, if you wish to continue using this unsupported release, you would have to make necessary modifications in /etc/apt/sources.list to point to the old-releases server of Ubuntu.

Steps to make necessary modifications

  1. Open your Terminal:

    • Press Ctrl + Alt + T; OR
    • If you have Gnome: Applications â†' Accessories â†' Terminal; OR
    • If you have Unity: press Super (the key between Left Ctrl and Left Alt) and query for Terminal.
  2. Run the following command to enter into root shell:

    sudo -i  

    input your user password and press Enter. The prompt would change and would indicate that the root user is now logged in. Here run the following command:

    gedit /etc/apt/sources.list  
  3. The file would open in a new Gedit window. Find the first line which doesn't start with #. Suppose you are running Karmic Koala (Ubuntu 9.10): it should be like the following line:

    deb <siteurl> karmic main restricted  

    where, <siteurl> is your preferred server - http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu in your case (for example).

  4. Press Ctrl + H to replace your <siteurl> with http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu.

    • Search for: http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu ie; <siteurl>
    • Replace with: http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu and
    • Press Replace All
  5. Once again:

    • Search for: http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu (this exact url for all the Ubuntu Releases â€" whatever be the present server that you are using)
    • Replace with: http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu
    • Press Replace All
  6. Save your file and exit Gedit.

  7. Run the following command to get out of root shell:

    logout  

    You would find that the prompt switches back to indicate that your normal user is now logged in. Then run the following:

    sudo apt-get update  

There you go. No 404 Errors this time. You can now install all the available packages for your Ubuntu Release. You can also run sudo apt-get dist-upgrade to install any Security/Bug-fix updates which have not yet been installed but you won't get any further Security/Bug-fix updates from Ubuntu.


Solution:3

The short answer is to add the next apt repository to the Third-Party Software (or Other Software in newer versions) in Software Sources (or Software & Updates in newer versions):

deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu code_name main restricted universe multiverse

The long answer...

GUI Method

Well, actually we will do this without to use any terminal. Not even once. Just GUI, I promise ;-)

First, open Software Sources (or Software & Updates in newer versions). It does not matter how old is your Ubuntu, there is certainly something like this. For Ubuntu 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope) look at next image to see where is located:

Open Software Sources

After Software Sources (or Software & Updates) it is open, go in Ubuntu Software and Updates tabs and unselect everytiyng like in next pictures. You don't need this things anymore since your Ubuntu version is End of Life:

Ubuntu Software tab


enter image description here

Without closing Software Sources (or Software & Updates), go in Third-Party Software (for newest releases this tab is named Other Software) tab and add a new apt repository. Insert exactly next line when you are asked:

deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu jaunty main restricted universe multiverse  

If your version of Ubuntu is other than 9.04, replace in the above line jaunty with your Ubuntu codename (for example if you have Ubuntu 9.10, replace with karmic and so on):

Third-Party Software tab

Now, when you will close Software Sources (or Software & Updates) you will be asked to reload the information about available software. Just be sure that you have a working internet connection:

Reload available software


Downloading available software

And now you are free to download almost whatever you want. For 9.04 you can use Synaptic Package Manager. For newest releases there is Ubuntu Software Center.

For example to install VLC in Ubuntu 9.04 using Synaptic Package Manager, follow the instructions in the following pictures:

Open Synaptic Package Manager


Search VLC in SPM


Mark VLC


Mark aditional VLC


Apply VLC


Download VLC


Open VLC

If you want to Update your Ubuntu to a new release, just go to System > Update Manager:

Update Manager


Upgrade

I tested this method from a live session of Ubuntu 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope) and as you can see from these pictures it worked. If you are on an installed session of Ubuntu you will be asked sometimes for root or admin password. Just insert your personal user password when you are asked.


Solution:4

To get apt-get working again, change your software sources to the old release repositories.

gksudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list  

delete whatever is in there, and paste the following:

# Required  deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ karmic main restricted universe multiverse  deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ karmic-updates main restricted universe multiverse  deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ karmic-security main restricted universe multiverse    # Optional  #deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ karmic-backports main restricted universe multiverse  

That's all.


Solution:5

While fossfreedom's answer does a good job of describing and solving the problem, I've found a variant solution that I think is easier and a little more elegant.

The trick is to add http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ as a mirror, and then tell Software Sources to switch to that mirror.

To do this, backup and edit /usr/share/python-apt/templates/Ubuntu.mirrors. Choose a fake location for the old-releases server (e.g. #LOC:US), and add the following line under it:

#LOC:US  http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/  

Now open the system's Software Sources dialog, and manually select old-releases.ubuntu.com as though it were your regional mirror. You should find it listed under the fake location you chose in the previous step.

The next time you reload your package information via Synaptic or Update Manager, you should see it successfully retrieving updated package information.


Solution:6

It appears the Karmic repositories are no longer available.

Since they are for a previous version of Ubuntu, you might consider removing them from your sources list. Take a look at this help page for step-by-step.


Solution:7

I got here since I could not upgrade a system from 15.10 (EOL) to 16.04. But none of the answers worked for me... even after doing everything that was suggested here I kept getting from sudo do-release-upgrade the annoying response....

Checking for a new Ubuntu release    No new release found  

And I had no success in running update-manager - it kept throwing exceptions which I could not resolve. I suspect something is corrupted in my 15.10 installation, but the bottom line is that the built-in upgrades just fail.

So I looked for a non-built-in method, and sure enough I found it looking at this answer.

Here is the solution that worked for me:

  1. Open http://changelogs.ubuntu.com/meta-release
  2. Locate the release you want to upgrade to. In my case it is Xenial Xerus (16.04 Long Term Support).
  3. Locate the UpgradeTool URL. For xenial it is this one. Download the tarball from that URL into an empty folder and and open it (tar -xzf or using the GUI).
  4. Locate the executable file with the same name as the distribution (in my case xenial). Run it with sudo:

    sudo ./xenial &

  5. Approve the upgrade, and wait for the download to complete - there's thousands of files and likely over a Gigabyte. Proceed with installing the upgrade...

(Edited long after I performed the upgrade... It was successful and I forgot to update) 6. Wait until it completes, approve if asked... I don't recall the exact details 7. After the reboot the new version is running successfully, and all updates can be fetched normally.


Solution:8

You can find the repositories under the "old-releases" server http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/

And about how to edit the /etc/apt/sources.list https://help.ubuntu.com/community/EOLUpgrades


Solution:9

There is an edge case - apt-get claims 16.04 LTS does not exist - where the old package (Vivid, in my case) was not in on the "old-releases" server. But apt-get could only find kernel and Google updates.

I am not sure exactly what my problem was because I had blindly followed the accepted answers sed command (never a smart move).

This did not work because Vivid was not in the "old-releases" archive but was still on the gb.archive.ubuntu.com mirror.

In that specific case, the solution was as follows:

sudo -i  edit /etc/apt/sources.list  

Carefully go through all the sources and discover one of them was old and wrong and had failed to be properly updated (or something). Or, as I did, search replace from old-releases.ubuntu.com to gb.archive.ubuntu.com. It then upgraded, without a problem, to the next release while I caught up on some reading.

So either:

  1. There was a fault in my sources
  2. The gb.archive.unbuntu.com mirror has an older set of releases.

The takeaway here is that while the majority of answers here may apply in some cases it would pay to be sure that your /etc/apt/sources.list is correct before you nuke it for the "old-releases" archive.

You can figure out which of the archive or your mirror has the version you need by simply pointing a browser tab at the archive and question and looking for your version name in the folder list. Whichever one has your version, is the source you need to use.


Note:If u also have question or solution just comment us below or mail us on toontricks1994@gmail.com
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