Ubuntu: How do I set systemwide proxy servers in Xubuntu, Lubuntu or Ubuntu Studio?



Question:

I cannot find the settings anywhere do I have to set it through terminal through gconftools or is there some GUI present for it?


Solution:1

System-wide proxies in Ubuntu Studio, Xubuntu and XFCE must be set via environment variables

Ubuntu Studio, like Xubuntu, uses the XFCE desktop environment which does not contain a graphical settings tool to set systemwide proxies (unlike the default Ubuntu desktop environment, Unity).

1. Set up the proxy/proxies for most programs

  • Open the /etc/environment file with gksudo leafpad (or your favorite editor). This file stores the system-wide variables initialized upon boot.
  • Add the following lines, modifying appropriately. You must duplicate in both upper-case and lower-case because (unfortunately) some programs only look for one or the other:

      http_proxy=http://myproxy.server.com:8080/  https_proxy=http://myproxy.server.com:8080/  ftp_proxy=http://myproxy.server.com:8080/  no_proxy="localhost,127.0.0.1,localaddress,.localdomain.com"  HTTP_PROXY=http://myproxy.server.com:8080/  HTTPS_PROXY=http://myproxy.server.com:8080/  FTP_PROXY=http://myproxy.server.com:8080/  NO_PROXY="localhost,127.0.0.1,localaddress,.localdomain.com"  

2. Then set up proxies for GTK3 programs such as Rhythmbox:

Some newer GTK3 programs such as Rhythmbox ignore the environment variables set above, and rely on Gnome settings instead. To make sure they are covered, open a terminal and paste the below line-by-line, modifying as appropriate:

gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy mode 'manual'   gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy.http host 'myproxy.server.com'  gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy.http port 8080  

3. Finally, set up the proxies for apt-get and Update Manager

  • These programs will not obey the environment variables either. Create a file called 95proxies in /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/, and include the following:

      Acquire::http::proxy "http://myproxy.server.com:8080/";  Acquire::ftp::proxy "ftp://myproxy.server.com:8080/";  Acquire::https::proxy "https://myproxy.server.com:8080/";  

Finally, logout and reboot to make sure the changes take effect.


Sources: 1, 2, 3. See 1 in particular for additional help, including a script to quickly turn on/off the proxies.


Scripts for turning Proxy server on/off:

Disclaimer:: Before proceeding, note that I have tried this on Lubuntu 14.04 and it is IMPORTANT that before you run the mentioned scripts, the file /etc/environment should have only one line in it i.e. '$PATH...' and there should be nothing else in the file, else you might need to modify the script's code. These scripts set and unset the proxy as described above, but they rely upon file truncation and file appending to change /etc/environment and /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/95proxies files. So make sure that:

1) /etc/environment contains only one line i.e. '$PATH:...'. And nothing else.

2) The file /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/95proxies does not exist or does not have anything important in it.

So! If you want to automate the process of turning proxy on and off without having to type allot. you can make two executable shell scripts proxyon.sh and proxyoff.sh as:

proxyon.sh:

if [ $(id -u) -ne 0 ]; then    echo "This script must be run as root";    exit 1;  fi    if [ $# -eq 2 ]    then      gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy mode 'manual' ;    gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy.http host '$1';    gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy.http port $2;        grep PATH /etc/environment > lol.t;    printf \    "http_proxy=http://$1:$2/\n\    https_proxy=http://$1:$2/\n\    ftp_proxy=http://$1:$2/\n\    no_proxy=\"localhost,127.0.0.1,localaddress,.localdomain.com\"\n\    HTTP_PROXY=http://$1:$2/\n\    HTTPS_PROXY=http://$1:$2/\n\    FTP_PROXY=http://$1:$2/\n\    NO_PROXY=\"localhost,127.0.0.1,localaddress,.localdomain.com\"\n" >> lol.t;      cat lol.t > /etc/environment;        printf \    "Acquire::http::proxy \"http://$1:$2/\";\n\    Acquire::ftp::proxy \"ftp://$1:$2/\";\n\    Acquire::https::proxy \"https://$1:$2/\";\n" > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/95proxies;      rm -rf lol.t;      else      printf "Usage $0 <proxy_ip> <proxy_port>\n";    fi  

proxyoff.sh:

if [ $(id -u) -ne 0 ]; then    echo "This script must be run as root";    exit 1;  fi    gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy mode 'none' ;    grep PATH /etc/environment > lol.t;  cat lol.t > /etc/environment;    printf "" > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/95proxies;    rm -rf lol.t;  

How to use: Once you have made these scripts, make them executable, you may keep them anywhere you like. To turn on proxy all you have to do is go to the directory containing the 'proxyon.sh' script and then you need to type sudo ./proxyon.sh {host} {port}. As an example consider this:

 $ sudo ./proxyon.sh 10.2.20.17 8080   OR   $ sudo ./proxyon.sh myproxy.server.com 8080  

Where '10.2.20.17' is the proxy server's IP - you can also type something like myproxy.server.com - and '8080' is the port. After that just log out and login to your account, to make sure that everything is set. You can start using the internet or whatever then. And when you want to turn the proxy off, go to the directory containing 'proxyoff.sh' and type:

 $ sudo ./proxyoff.sh  

This will unset all of your proxies. Now logout and login again to switch to normal mode.


Solution:2

there is a graphical tool called UbProxy, that sets the whole systema proxy, via a graphical interface (GUI). The only problem for me, was I have to log out my user and log in again to load the config. Is very simple to use. https://code.google.com/p/ubproxy/


Solution:3

I have some functions for dealing with that. Call them like this:

myProxyOn  

https://gist.github.com/fernando-basso/6352040

#!/usr/bin/env bash    # gsettings list-recursively org.gnome.system.proxy    # Change de ip address and port number accordingly.  function myProxyOn() {      gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy mode 'manual' # ' manual / nome / automatic '      gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy.http host '10.0.0.1'      gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy.http port 8080      gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy.https host '10.0.0.1'      gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy.https port 8080      gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy.ftp host '10.0.0.1'      gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy.ftp port 8080        echo "Configuração do 'System Proxy' settada para 'manual', com host 10.0.0.1, port 8080."  }    function myProxyOff() {      gsettings set org.gnome.system.proxy mode 'none' # ' manual / nome / automatic '      echo "Proxy cofigurado para 'none'."  }    function proxyOn() { # {{{      #echo -n 'Username: '      #read -e username      #echo -n 'Password: '      #read -es password      #echo ''      echo 'Setting variable "http_proxy"...'      #export http_proxy="http://$username:$password@172.17.0.1:8080/"      export http_proxy="http://10.0.0.1:8080/"      echo 'Setting variable "https_proxy..."'      export https_proxy="https://10.0.0.1:8080/"      echo 'Setting variable "ftp_proxy"...'      #export ftp_proxy="http://$username:$password@172.17.0.1:8080/"      export ftp_proxy="ftp://10.0.0.1:8080/"      echo 'Done!'  }    function proxyOff() {      unset HTTP_PROXY      unset http_proxy      unset FTP_proxy      unset ftp_proxy      echo -e "\nProxy environment variables removed!"  }  


Solution:4

It is not necessary to restart whole system for apt-get tweak via proxy95 file in /etc/apt/apt.conf.d

  • It just works immediately after file is written and
  • it is gone immediately after the file disappears.

Consider script to enable and disable file by renaming it to *.bak for quick switching the proxy if necessary.


Solution:5

Go to Dash Home type System Settings, click system settings then network.Proxy settings will be visible to you. Click system wide. It may work as in system proxy settings.


Note:If u also have question or solution just comment us below or mail us on toontricks1994@gmail.com
Previous
Next Post »